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不良生活方式、负性情绪与脑卒中的相关性研究 预览 被引量:2

Study on the Correlation of Unhealthy Lifestyle, Negative Emotions and Stroke
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摘要 目的 探讨不良生活方式及负性情绪与脑卒中的相关性。方法 选取我院2014年2月至2017年5月收治的122例脑卒中患者作为研究组,另选取我院同期122例健康体检者作为对照组。采用我院自制调查问卷调查两组的一般资料(性别、年龄、受教育程度、婚姻状况)、生活方式(吸烟、饮酒、打鼾、饮食习惯、锻炼情况)和负性情绪(抑郁、焦虑)。结果 两组的年龄比较,差异有统计学意义(P0.05);两组的吸烟、饮酒、打鼾、饮食习惯、锻炼情况比较,差异均有统计学意义(P〈0.05);两组的抑郁、焦虑情况比较,差异均有统计学意义(P〈0.05);吸烟、大量饮酒、打鼾、饮食偏咸、抑郁、焦虑均为脑卒中发生的重要危险因素(P〈0.05);脑卒中和吸烟、大量饮酒、打鼾、饮食偏咸、抑郁、焦虑均呈明显正相关性(P〈0.05)。结论 吸烟、大量饮酒、打鼾、饮食偏咸等不良生活方式及抑郁、焦虑等负性情绪与脑卒中发病关系密切,应及时针对存在上述危险因素者进行干预,有利于降低脑卒中发生率,且可能对改善临床疗效及预后效果具有一定积极意义。 Objective To explore the correlation of unhealthy lifestyle, negative emotions and stroke. Methods 122 cases of patients with stroke admitted to our hospital from February 2014 to May 2017 were selected as the study group, and another 122 healthy people with physical examination in our hospital in the same period were selected as the control group. General data (gender, age, educational attainment, marital status), lifestyle (smoking, drinking, snoring, eating habits, exercise) and negative emotions (depression, anxiety) of two groups were investigated by our homemade questionnaire. Results Statistical difference was found in the age between two groups (P〈0.05), but not found in the gender, educational attainment and marital status between two groups (P〉0.05). Statistical difference was found in the smoking, drinking, snoring, eating habits and exercise between two groups (P〈0.05), and also found in the depression and anxiety between two groups (P 〈0.05). Smoking, excessive alcohol, snoring, salty diet, depression and anxiety were important risk factors for stroke (P 〈0.05), and had significant positive correlation with stroke (_P 〈0.05). Conclusions The unhealthy lifestyle (smoking, excessive alcohol, snoring, salty diet) and negative emotions (depression, anxiety) have close correlation with the attack of stroke. Patients with above risk factors should be timely intervented, which is conducive to reducing the incidence of stroke, and may have a positive effect on improving clinical effect and prognosis.
作者 李建标 何锦照 江震钦 LI Jianbiao, HE Jinzhao, JIA NG Zhenqin (Department of Neurology, Heyuan People's Hospital, Heyuan 517000, China)
出处 《临床医学工程》 2017年第11期1531-1533,共3页 Medicine Healthcare Apparatus
基金 河源市科技局社会发展科技计划项目(项目编号:2015-7)
关键词 生活方式 负性情绪 脑卒中 相关性 Lifestyle Negative emotions Stroke Correlation
作者简介 李建标(1978-),男,广东河源人,本科学历,副主任医师.研究方向:脑血管病。
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