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9个芦笋品种在福建的适应性分析 预览 被引量:1

9 Asparagus Varieties in Fujian: Adaptability Analysis
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摘要 为筛选适宜在温热地区栽培的芦笋品种,笔者观察测定了‘新王朝F1’、‘达宝利F1’、‘格兰德F1’、‘Thielim F1’、‘Gijnlim F1’、‘UC157 F2’、‘井冈701’、‘井冈红’和‘京绿芦1号’等9个芦笋品种的成株期农艺性状、抗病性和耐寒性的差异。结果表明:‘格兰德F1’株高、茎秆数、茎秆直径、第一分支高度分别为127.0 cm、8.2根、9.2 mm和37.8 cm,笋尖较紧密、长势较强、抗病能力较强、耐寒性好最适宜在福建地区栽培种植;‘Gijnlim F1’、‘京绿芦1号’、‘达宝利F1’、‘新王朝(New Dynasty)F1’笋尖较紧密、长势较强,株高、茎杆数、茎秆直径和第一分支高度等农艺性状较好,抗病能力较强,耐寒性较好,较适宜在福建地区栽培生产;‘井冈红’为紫色四倍体,茎秆粗壮,但其茎秆数偏低,可以作为特色品种种植。 The paper aims to select suitable Asparagus varieties in warm area. The authors studied the differencesof agronomic traits, disease resistance and cold tolerance at plant stage of 9 Asparagus varieties(‘New Dynasty F1',‘Dabaoli F1',‘Gelande F1',‘Thielim F1',‘Gijnlim F1',‘UC157 F2',‘Jinggang 701',‘Jingganghong'and‘Jinglvlu No.1'). The results showed that: the plant height, stem number, stem diameter and first branch heightof‘Gelande F1'was 127.0 cm, 8.2, 9.2 mm and 37.8 cm, respectively, and‘Gelande F1'was the most suitablevariety to be planted in Fujian due to its closer shoot, strong growth, higher disease resistance and high coldresistance; the agronomic traits such as shoot, growth, plant height, stem diameter and first branch height of‘Gijnlim F1',‘Jinglvlu No.1',‘Dabaoli F1'and‘New Dynasty F1'were relatively good, with strong diseaseresistance and cold resistance, and were suitable for cultivation in Fujian;‘Jingganghong'could be a specificvariety with purple tetraploid and strong stems, but its number of stems was relatively low.
作者 阮宏椿 石妞妞 杜宜新 甘林 代玉立 杨秀娟 陈福如 Ruan Hongchun1,2, Shi Niuniu1,2, Du Yixin1,2, Gan Lin1,2, Dai Yuli1,2, Yang Xiujuan1,2, Chen Furu1,2 (1Institute of Plant Protection, Fujian Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Fuzhou 350013, Fujian, China; 2Fujian Key Laboratory for Monitoring and Integrated Management of Crop Pests, Fuzhou 350001, Fujian, China)
出处 《农学学报》 2017年第11期31-34,共4页 Chinese Countryside Well-off Technology
基金 福建省发改委五新项目“绿芦笋新品种调控栽培与病虫无害化防控关键技术示范”(闽发改农业[2013]714号) 福建省农科院“双百”计划项目“绿芦笋褐斑病综合防控关键技术示范”(sbmx1639)
关键词 芦笋 品种 农艺性状 抗病性 耐寒性 Asparagus Variety Agronomic Traits Disease Resistance Cold Tolerance
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