The paper calculates the negative externality of environment of 21 high pollution industries in China.Firstly,the paper divides negative environmental externality into two types： dominant externality which is measured by direct cost of social economic resource induced by environmental pollution,and recessive externality which is measured by national health and welfare loss; Secondly,according to the data of those industries＇ ＂three waste＂from year 2002-2012,the paper calculates the environmental pollution indexes using factor analysis method; Thirdly,the paper studies the correlation between environmental pollution indexes and nationalhealth and welfare loss and direct cost of social economic resource using regression analysis method; Fourthly,using differential coefficient method,the paper calculates the total negative environmental externality of high pollution industries; Finally,the conclusion of the paper is that the recessive negative externality is two times higher than that of dominant externality,and degree of opening to outside world has negative correlation with negative environmental externality,and government＇s institution of environment management has made contributions to reduce environmental negative externalities,but the lever of GDP has possitive correlation to the environmental negative externalities of high pullotion industries.
Wuhan University Journal （Social Sciences）
high pollution industries
negative environmental externality
environmental pollution indexes