目的 观察临床尿液常规检验分析前行质量控制的应用效果。方法 随机选取我院2017年1—10月行尿液常规检查患者200例作为研究对象。根据入院先后顺序,将其分为对照组与观察组,每组各100例。对照组采用常规检验方法,观察组在对照组的基础上,行质量控制。比较两组尿液分析不合格的原因。结果 观察组发生标本量缺乏、标本污染、收集时间不当、容器不当、标本标记不当、送检超时的几率均低于对照组,差异均具有统计学意义（P〈0.01）。结论 临床尿液常规检验分析前行质量控制能有效提高尿液检查的准确率,为医务人员的诊断提供可靠依据。
Objective To observe the effect of routine examination and analysis of clinical urine on quality control. Methods 200 cases of patients with urine routine examination in our hospital from January to October 2017 were randomly selected as the research objects. According to the sequence, they were divided into the control group and the observation group, with 100 cases in each group. In the control group, the routine test method was used. On the basis of the control group, the observation group first performed the quality control and compared the causes of the two groups of unqualified urine analysis. Results In the observation group, the probability of lack of specimen, contamination of specimen, improper collection time, improper container, improper specimen mark and time for checking for timeout were all lower than those in the control group, the differences were statistically significant（P〈 0.01）. Conclusion The routine examination and analysis of clinical urine can effectively improve the accuracy of urine examination and provide reliable basis for the diagnosis of medical personnel.
China Continuing Medical Education
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