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Y2O3对Fe-Al-Si-B等离子熔覆层组织与性能的影响

Effect of Y2O3 on Microstructure and Properties of Fe-Al-Si-B Cladding by Plasma Transferred Arc
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摘要 采用等离子弧熔覆技术,在Q235钢板基体表面熔覆了一层Fe-Al-Si-B原位复合涂层,并通过在熔覆粉末中添加稀土氧化物Y2O3改善熔覆层的组织与性能。利用光学显微镜(OM)、扫描电镜(SEM)、X射线衍射仪(XRD)、显微硬度仪、摩擦磨损试验机对熔覆层的组织、相组成、显微硬度及磨损性能进行了表征。结果表明:Y2O3的加入净化了晶界,使得晶界处夹杂物均匀化,明显改善了晶界处夹杂物的形态,形成了致密均匀、无缺陷且显著细化的熔覆层组织。当稀土氧化物Y2O3质量分数为0.9%时,熔覆层的硬度达到5.10 GPa,耐磨性能达到最佳。 Fe-Al-Si-B in situ composite coating was prepared with plasma arc cladding on Q235 steel substrate. Moreover, rare earth oxide Y2O3 powder was added to the cladding powder in order to improve the microstructure and properties of the coating. The effect of Y2O3 on the microstructure and properties of the Fe-Al-Si-B cladding by plasma transferred arc was investigated. The microstructure, phase constituent, microhardness and wear property of the coating were examined by optical microscope(OM), scanning electron microscopy(SEM), X-ray diffraction(XRD), micro hardness tester, friction and wear tester, respectively. The result indicates that the addition of Y2O3 can purify the grain boundaries and homogenize the inclusions, and thus the shape and distribution of the inclusions are improved significantly. Furthermore, a dense, uniform, defect-free and significantly refined coating is then formed. When the content of Y2O3 reaches 0.9 wt%, the hardness of the coating reaches 5.10 GPa, and the optimum wear resistance is obtained.
作者 张德库 薛浩博 王克鸿 周琦 李聪 Zhang Deku,Xue Haobo,Wang Kehong,Zhou Qi,Li Cong(Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing 210094, China)
机构地区 南京理工大学
出处 《稀有金属材料与工程》 CSCD 北大核心 2018年第2期469-473,共5页 Rare Metal Materials and Engineering
基金 Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province(BK20131261)
关键词 Y2O3 等离子熔覆 硬度 耐磨性 Y2O3 plasma transferred arc cladding hardness wear resistance
作者简介 张德库,男,1971年生,博士,副教授,南京理工大学材料科学与工程学院,江苏南京210094,电话:025—84315776,E-mail:zdk@njust.Edu.Cn
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