Objective： To analyze epidemiological characteristics of emergency patients in Baoan District of Shenzhen. Methods： The data of patients from Department of Emergency in Bao＇an Central Hospital of Shenzhen from March 2015 to February 2017 were collected and stratified by sex, department, season, days of the week, and holidays. Results： Over 350 000 emergency patients who admitted to the Emergency Department of hospital were enrolled, with a male-to-female ratio of 1.50：1. The ratio of the numbers for emergency pediatric, emergency medicine, and emergency surgery was 1：1.64：1.36, and the daily average number of emergency room visits was 482. The peaks of age were 0–10 and 20–38 years old, showing a hump-type distribution; the peaks of month were 3–4 and 6–7 months. The daily average number of emergency room visits was higher in the spring and summer than that in the winter, and the numbers of visits by days of the week were close（χ^2=4.129, P〈0.765）. The daily average numbers of visits by holidays were different（χ^2=114.237, P〈0.001）, and the numbers were higher in the International Labor Day and Ching Ming Festival and lower in the Spring Festival and National Day. Conclusion： The distribution of age among the emergency patients of our hospital was hump-type; the number of emergency visits was higher in the spring and summer than winter, and the effect of holidays on emergency patients visit was strong.
Journal of International Pathology and Clinical Medicine