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军校新学员长途行军中的下肢运动损伤 预览 被引量:2

Lower extremity sport injuries in new army cadets during long distance march
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摘要 目的研究军校新学员长途行军拉练中下肢运动损伤的发生特点。方法对2016某军校新学员300公里长途行军训练中发生的下肢运动损伤进行流行病学调研。结果共纳入275名新学员,120人(43.6%)出现下肢运动损伤,主要包括大腿肌群拉伤19例,髌股关节综合征11例,髂胫束综合征10例,胫骨应力综合征13例,踝关节扭伤13例,足底筋膜炎28例,跟腱炎8例。严重损伤导致缺勤的8例,3例为踝关节扭伤伴韧带损伤,3例为跟腱炎,1例膝关节韧带损伤和1例大腿肌肉拉伤。分析发现患有跟腱炎的学员体质量明显低于健康学员。结论长途行军中下肢运动损伤以足踝部为主,应重视相关防护和教育。 Objective To investigate the characteristics of sports injury involving lower extremity during the long distance march in new army cadets. Methods We conducted a descriptive epidemiology study about lower extremity sport injury in new army cadets who participated in 300 kilometers march training in 2016. Results A total of 275 cadets were enrolled in this study and 120 cases of sports injuries were identified and treated. Injuries included 19 cases of thigh muscle group sprain, 11 cases of patellofemoral pain syndrome, 10 cases of iliotibial band syndrome, 13 cases of tibial stress syndrome, 13 cases of ankle sprain, 28 cases of plantar fasciitis, 8 cases of achilles tendinitis. Among 8 cases with severe injury and sick leave, 3 cases were ankle sprain associated with ligament injury, 3 cases were achilles tendinitis, 1 case was anterior cruciateligament injury, and 1 case was thigh muscle sprain. The body weight was significantly lower for patients suffering from achilles tendinitis than healthy cadets. Conclusion Lower extremity sport injuries during long distance march mainly included ankle and foot injuries. More attention should be paid to the prevention, treatment and health education of sports injury.
作者 陈孛玉 董沫含 罗卓荆 王哲 CHEN Beiyu1, DONG Mohan2, LUO Zhuojing1, WANG Zhe1 (1.Department of Orthopedic Surgery; 2.Department of Medical Education and Administration The Airforce Military Medical Universityof Xijing Hospital, Xi'an 710032, Shaanxi Province, China)
出处 《解放军医学院学报》 CAS 2018年第5期373-375,共3页 Academic Journal of Pla Postgraduate Medical School
基金 国家自然科学基金青年项目(31600830) 陕西省社会发展科技攻关项目(2016SF-003)
关键词 军事训练伤 下肢运动损伤 military training injury lower extremity sports injury
作者简介 陈孛玉,男,博士,主治医师,讲师。研究方向:脊髓损伤和炎症反应的分子机制及其干预措施。Email:chenby@fmmu.edu.cn;;共同第一作者:董沫含,女,博士,讲师。Email:7715674449@qq.com.;罗卓荆,男,博士,主任医师,教授。Email:zjluo@fmmu.edu.cn;通信作者:王哲,男,博士,主任医师,教授。Email:wangzhe@fmmu.edu.cn;
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