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基于大学生时空行为的高校新区公共服务设施共享模式:以河南大学为例 被引量:1

Spatio-temporal Sharing Mode of Infrastructure in Newly Developed Campus Based on Spatio-temporal Behavior:A Case Study in Henan University
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摘要 文章基于活动-移动分析理论、空间公正与公平理论,构建高校公共服务设施共享的理论分析框架,结合GPS数据与活动日志调查数据,采用核密度分析、Arcscene三维可视化技术以及方差分析与卡方分析方法,以河南大学金明校区为例,描绘大学生一周7d、一天24h的时空行为轨迹,进而探索空间公正与兼顾公平型公共服务设施共享模式.研究表明:大学生活动-移动规律以及大学生基本生活圈是高校公共服务设施时空共享的基础;大学生活动、移动的时间与空间利用强度影响空间公正型共享模式,"三点一线(宿舍-餐厅-综合教学楼)"式活动的时间节奏是影响空间公正型共享模式的主要因素;"四点(宿舍、餐厅、学院、综合教学楼)网络"式功能组团有助于兼顾公平型共享模式的实施,基础生活圈内紧凑有机的设施布局是兼顾公平型共享模式得以实施的重要前提;基于GPS数据的时空行为精细分析可以为公共服务设施共享提供方法基础,融合大数据、考虑个体行为与活动空间的相互作用可进一步完善公共服务设施时空共享方案. The mismatch between supply and demand of suburb infrastructure is increasing,and the fair and equitable use of limited facilities to serve more residents arous the interest of scholars.As a special regional type in suburban areas of China,the newly developed campuses are equipped with relatively perfect infrastructure.Therefore,we are most concerned about the possibility that some infrastructure can be shared between college students and surrounding residents.The paper constructed a theoretical analysis framework for infrastructure in newly developed campus based on theories such as activity-travel analysis,spatial justice and spatial equity.The paper also collected the activity-travel diary and 7-day GPS tracking data from students in Jinming Campus of Henan University.To explore the spatio-temporal sharing mode of suburban infrastructure,the day-to-day variability in activity-travel behavior was analyzed by kernel density analysis,a GIS based 3 Dgeovisualisation method,variance analysis and Chi-Squared analysis.The results reveal that the spatio-temporal utilization intensity of college studentsactivity-travel behavior exercises a great influence on the spatial-justice sharing mode.The activity from dormitories to dining rooms and comprehensive teaching building(three point one line)is the dominant factor to affect the spatial-justice sharing mode.The functional group is conducive to the implementation of equity-considered sharing mode,consisting of a network interweaved by dormitories,dining rooms,colleges and comprehensive teaching building.There is an important prerequisite that the basic life circle is compact and liveable.Besides,theresults show that the fine spatio-temporal behavior can be measured by spatio-temporal trajectory data with GPS,which are powerful tools for uncovering the spatio-temporal model of suburban infrastructure.The spatiotemporalsharing scheme will be further perfected by college studentspersonal willingness and big data such as surveillance videos and mobile signal data.
作者 张丽君 荣培君 秦耀辰 郑志成 孙莹莹 ZHANG Lijun, RONG Peijun, QIN Yaochen, ZHENG Zhicheng, SUN Yingying (College of Environment and Planning, Henan University, Henan Kaifeng 475004, China)
出处 《河南大学学报:自然科学版》 CAS 2018年第3期262-271,共10页 Journal of Henan University(Natural Science)
基金 国家自然科学基金项目(41501588,41671536) 中国博士后基金项目(2016M600575) 河南省哲学社会科学规划项目(2014CJJ065) 河南省高等学校重点科研项目(17A170006)
关键词 GPS轨迹数据 公共服务设施 时空行为 时空共享 高校新区 GPS tracking data public service facilities spatio-temporal behavior spatio-temporal sharing newly developed campus
作者简介 张丽君(1985-),女,博士,讲师.研究方向为区域可持续发展.;通信作者,qinyc@henu.edu.cn
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