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高校科技成果转化效率的区域差异及其影响因素分析 预览 被引量:1

Analysis on Regional Difference of Transformation Efficiency of Scientific and Technological Achievements and Influencing Factors in Chinese Universities
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摘要 文章选取2010—2015年相关数据,采用DEA模型测算高校科技成果转化效率,在此基础上利用面板模型分析影响高校科技成果转化效率的因素,并分析东、中、西部地区高校科技成果转化的区域差异。结果表明:东、中部地区综合技术效率明显高于西部地区;东、中、西部地区纯技术效率比较接近;中部地区规模效率高于东西部地区。东、中、西部地区高校非有效单元的投入冗余主要在教学与研发人员数量、研究与发展人员全时工作量,产出不足主要在技术转让收入、专利出售实际收入和社会服务方面。经济发展环境和企业需求是影响中国高校科技转化效率的重要因素。 This paper selects the relevant data from 2010 to 2015 and adopts DEA model to measure the transformation of scientific and technological achievements, on the basis of which the panel model is used to analyze the factors of influencing the conversion efficiency of scientific and technological achievements in colleges and universities, as well as the regional differences of the eastern, middle and western area in China. The results show that a comprehensive technical efficiency of the eastern and middle region is significantly higher than that of the western regions; pure technical efficiency of the eastern, middle and western regions is close; scale efficiency of the middle region is higher than that of the eastern and western regions. The input redundancy of non-efficient units of the eastern, middle and western region mainly lies in the staff number of teaching and research-development personnel, and full-time workload of research and development staff, and the output mainly lies in the real income from technology transfer, patent sale and social services. The environment of economic development and the demand of enterprises are important factors influencing the efficiency of science and technology transformation in Chinese universities.
作者 梁树广 Liang Shuguang (Business School, Liaocheng University, Liaocheng Shandong 252059, China)
机构地区 聊城大学商学院
出处 《统计与决策》 CSSCI 北大核心 2018年第12期86-89,共4页
基金 山东省社会科学规划研究项目(16DJJJ08) 山东省高等学校人文社会科学研究项目(R16WC0901)
关键词 高校 科技成果转化 技术效率 区域差异 universities transformation of scientific and technological achievements technical efficiency regional difference
作者简介 梁树广(1982-),男,山东聊城人,博士,副教授,研究方向:产业结构、规制经济学.
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