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股东协议如何进入有限责任公司治理?——以公司合同理论为进路 预览

How Does Shareholder Agreements Enter into Limited Liability Company Governance?——Taking the Company Contract Theory as the Approach
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摘要 股东协议的本质是公司股东作为商人基于经济计算的商业实践的产物,有限责任公司治理中普遍存在的股东协议能满足商人降低公司治理成本的要求。虽然传统的公司实体理论无法为股东协议的存在提供合理性证明,但公司合同理论能为其求得法理上的正当性。基于公司合同理论,股东协议是公司股东以合约形式介入公司治理的手段。对股东协议的司法审查不仅要从合同法规范考察协议本身的合同效力问题,同时还应当注意股东协议是否触碰了公司法中强制性规范的效力阻却事由。 The essence of shareholder agreements is the product of the commercial practice based on shareholders' economic calculation, and the shareholder agreements existing in the limited liability company can meet the requirement of the merchants to reduce the cost of corporate governance. Although the traditional corporate entity theory cannot provide the reasonable proof for the existence of shareholder agreement, the company contract theory can provide the legal justification for it. Based on this theory, the shareholder agreements is the means of shareholder's involvement in corporate governance in the form of contract. The judicial review of shareholder agreement should not only examine the validity of the contract itself from the contract law, but also should pay attention to whether the shareholder agreement touched the validity of the mandatory norm in the company law.
作者 杨秋宇 YANG Qiuyu(Law School of Peking University,Beijing 100871, China)
机构地区 北京大学法学院
出处 《武陵学刊》 2018年第3期37-45,共9页 Journal of Hunan University of Arts and Science:Social Science Edition
基金 教育部人文社会科学研究项目“中国住房保障法律制度:路径依赖与创新”(12YJA820045)
关键词 股东协议 公司合同理论 合同法 公司法 有限责任公司治理 shareholders agreement company contract theory contract law company law limited liability companies' governance
作者简介 杨秋宇,男,四川成都人,北京大学法学院博士研究生,研究方向为民商法学.
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