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现代化强国视域下技术创新遮蔽风险与责任分解

The Risk and Responsibility of Technological Innovation in the Vision of Modern and Powerful Country
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摘要 建设现代化强国需要先进技术的支撑和引领,技术创新已经成为社会发展的内生动力。从技术的本质即解蔽或祛魅入手,深入探究海德格尔确立的现代技术不仅是解蔽,还是被摆置、被座架、被允诺的对存在者的确立和对存在的遗忘,认识到技术对存在者解蔽的同时还有遮蔽的可能,因遮蔽而引发技术创新风险与创新的责任承担。将创新责任分解为多主体责任、过程性责任、创新机制责任,来化解技术创新潜在风险,使技术创新从研发到使用及后果承担的全过程中受到伦理的责任限制,实现负责任创新,让技术创新不再成为另一种遮蔽,真正为现代化强国服务。 Advanced technology is essential in supporting and guiding the construction of a modern and powerful country,and technological innovation has become an endogenous power for social development. Starting from the notion that technology is in essence"Entbergung"or disenchantment,this paper argued after in-depth exploration that the modern technology proposed by Heidegger is not only about"Entbergung",but also about the establishment of the existent and the forgetting of existence which are placed,framed and promised; technology is likely to "Verbergung"the existent in the process to"Un-Verbergung"them,and such"Verborgenheit"will cause the risk of technological innovation and responsibility for innovation. It is thus suggested to decompose the responsibility of innovation into multi-agent responsibility,procedural responsibility and innovation mechanism responsibility to avoid potential risks of technological innovation,subjecting technological innovation to ethical responsibility throughout the process from the research and development through the use to the handling of consequences. By so doing,responsible innovation will be achieved,thus keeping technological innovation out of another form of"Verborgenheit",so as to truly facilitate the construction of a modern and powerful country.
作者 景君学 刘魁 JING Jun - xue1,2, LIU Kui1 ( 1. School of Marxism, Southeast University, Nanjing 210112 ; 2. School of Marxism, Lanzhou University of Technology, Lanzhou 730050, China)
出处 《自然辩证法研究》 CSSCI 北大核心 2018年第9期21-26,共6页 Studies In Dialectics of Nature
基金 江苏省教育厅学习贯彻十九大精神重点专题研究项目“基于现代化强国视域的新时代生态文明发展道路研究”(2017ZDTXM001)
关键词 现代化强国 技术创新 风险 责任分解 modern and powerful country technological innovation risk decompose the responsibility
作者简介 景君学(1970-),甘肃陇西人,东南大学马克思主义学院博士研究生,兰州理工大学马克思主义学院教授,主要研究方向:技术哲学;;刘魁(1964-),安徽祁门人,东南大学马克思主义学院教授,东南大学中国特色社会主义发展研究院研究员,主要研究方向:生态哲学。
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