Objective To provide professional advice to improve oral health in preschoolers by investigating the current knowledge-attitude-behavior （KAP） status of oral health among parents of preschoolers in Yantai City. Methods 1,620 parents of preschoolers from 18 different kindergartens, chosen by multistage sampling method, were enrolled in this study. Participants completed the questionnaire on oral health in preschoolers. Results The proportion of parents who are aware of the benefits of pit and fissure sealing to prevent pediatric dental caries and fluorides on tooth protection were 33.16% and 39.90%, respectively. The proportion of parents with a positive oral health attitude, believing good oral condition is of vital importance in their lives was 94.73%; 21.73% of preschoolers had developed the habit to brush their teeth by the age of three; 16.58% of preschoolers brushed their teeth twice a day. Parents with different regional, gender and educational backgrounds have different KAP scores （P〈0.05） on oral health. Positive correlations were observed between their oral health knowledge, attitude and preventive behavior （r=0.408, 0.131 and 0.087, respectively; P〈0.05）. Conclusion Parents of preschoolers generally have positive attitude towards the importance of healthy oral conditions, but it seems necessary to have them better educated on oral health behavior.
Journal of Modern Stomatology