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烟台市学龄前儿童家长口腔健康KAP现状调查 被引量:1

Investigation of the current knowledge-attitude-behavior status of oral health among parents of preschoolers in Yantai city
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摘要 目的 了解烟台市学龄前儿童家长对儿童口腔健康相关知识、态度、行为的认知现状,为儿童口腔保健提供针对性建议。方法采取多阶段随机抽样方法,抽取18所幼儿园的1620名学生家长作为调查对象,对其进行口腔健康问卷调查。结果知道“窝沟封闭能预防儿童龋齿”和“氟化物对保护牙齿有用”的家长比例分别为33.16%和39.90%;家长12腔健康态度普遍较为积极,认为“口腔健康对自己的生活很重要”的家长比例为94.73%;3Y以前开始刷牙的儿童比例为21.73%。每天刷牙两次以上的儿童比例为16.58%;不同地区、性别、学历的家长知信行得分不同,差异具有统计学意义(P〈0.05);儿童家长口腔健康知识和态度、知识和行为、态度和行为间均成正相关,r值分别为0.408,0.131,0.087,(P〈0.05)。结论烟台市儿童家长口腔健康态度较为积极,但是儿童的口腔健康行为有待改善,应加强对儿童家长口腔健康知信行模式的教育。 Objective To provide professional advice to improve oral health in preschoolers by investigating the current knowledge-attitude-behavior (KAP) status of oral health among parents of preschoolers in Yantai City. Methods 1,620 parents of preschoolers from 18 different kindergartens, chosen by multistage sampling method, were enrolled in this study. Participants completed the questionnaire on oral health in preschoolers. Results The proportion of parents who are aware of the benefits of pit and fissure sealing to prevent pediatric dental caries and fluorides on tooth protection were 33.16% and 39.90%, respectively. The proportion of parents with a positive oral health attitude, believing good oral condition is of vital importance in their lives was 94.73%; 21.73% of preschoolers had developed the habit to brush their teeth by the age of three; 16.58% of preschoolers brushed their teeth twice a day. Parents with different regional, gender and educational backgrounds have different KAP scores (P〈0.05) on oral health. Positive correlations were observed between their oral health knowledge, attitude and preventive behavior (r=0.408, 0.131 and 0.087, respectively; P〈0.05). Conclusion Parents of preschoolers generally have positive attitude towards the importance of healthy oral conditions, but it seems necessary to have them better educated on oral health behavior.
作者 唐明娜 高红 朱宁 顾建磊 王倩倩 冯雪英 柳忠豪 TANG Mingna, GAO Hong, ZHU Ning, CU Jianlei, WANG Qianqian, FENG Xueying, LIU Zhonghao.( Yantai Stomatological Hospital, Yantai 264000)
出处 《现代口腔医学杂志》 CAS 2018年第5期294-296,共3页 Journal of Modern Stomatology
关键词 学龄前儿童 口腔健康知识 口腔健康态度 口腔健康行为 Preschool children Oral health knowledge Oral health attitude Oral health behavior
作者简介 通讯作者:冯雪英E-mail:xueyingbaby@163.com;通讯作者:柳忠豪E-mail:dentlzh@163.com
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