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麻醉护士岗位胜任力评价问卷的编制及信效度检验

The development of the post competency evaluation scale of anesthesia nurses and its reliability and validity
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摘要 目的编制麻醉护士岗位胜任力评价问卷,并检验其信效度。方法以胜任力模型为理论框架,基于文献回顾、行为事件访谈法和德尔菲法,拟定评价问卷的条目池。选取222名麻醉护士进行调查,通过项目分析、探索性因子分析及相关性分析形成正式问卷并进行信效度检验。选取214名麻醉护士进行问卷调查,进行验证性因子分析,构建结构方程模型。结果经因子分析提取出6个因子,共35个条目,解释的总方差累积达65.898%,各因子与总分的相关系数为0.793-0.863,各因子间的相关系数为0.512-0.739;问卷总体的Cronbach α系数为0.96,分半信度为0.883;结构方程模型的模型拟合指标分别是残差均方和平方根(RMR)为0.044,渐进残差均方和平方根(RMSEA)为0.064,相对拟合指数(CFI)为0.901,增值适配指数(IFI)为0.902,规准适配指数(PNFI)为0.727,简约调整适配指数(PCFI)为0.807。结论该评价问卷具有良好的信效度,可作为我国麻醉护士岗位胜任力的测评工具进行使用。 Objective This study developed the post competency evaluation questionnaire of anesthesia nurses and tested its reliability and validity. Methods The item pool was developed through literature analysis, behavioral event interview and Delphi method, which was based on the post competency model. A total of 222 anesthesia nurses were investigated firstly, and the formal questionnaire was formed by item analysis, exploratory factor analysis and correlation analysis. Then the reliability and validity were tested. A total of 214 anesthesia nurses were investigated, the data was used to analyze the confirmatory factor, and the SEM was constructed finally. Results Six factors were identified including 35 items and the cumulative contribution of variance was 65.898%. The correlation coefficient between each factor and total score ranged from 0.793 to 0.863, and the correlation coefficient among each factor ranged from 0.512 to 0.739. The Cronbach's ct coefficient was 0.96 and the Spearman-Brown was 0.883 for the total scale. The model fitting indexes of structural equation model were as below, RMR=0.044, RMSEA=0.064, CFI=0.901, IFI=0.902, PNFI=0.727, PCFI=0.807. Conclusions This evaluation questionnaire has good reliability and validity, and it could be used as a tool to evaluate the post competency of anesthesia nurses in China.
作者 张亚云 关丽娜 万学英 王明明 孙铮 Zhang Yayun, Guan Lina, Wan Xueying, Wang Mingming, Sun Zheng(The Second School of Clinical Medicine, Taishan Medical University, Tai' an 271000, China)
出处 《中国实用护理杂志》 2018年第31期2458-2463,共6页 Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing
基金 全国高等医学教育学会护理教育分会科学基金项目(GJHLQZ160017) 泰安市社会科学课题(16-YB-035) 泰安市科技发展计划(引导计划)(2016NS1115)
关键词 麻醉护士 岗位胜任力 信度 效度 Anesthesia nurse Post competency Reliability Validity
作者简介 通信作者:孙铮,Email:zsun@tsmc.edu.cn
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