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合肥市1491名社区老年人负性情绪调查分析

Analysis of the prevalence of negative emotions among 1491 community elderly in Hefei city
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摘要 目的 了解合肥市某社区老年人负性情绪现况及其影响因素。方法 采用抑郁自评量表(SDS)、焦虑自评量表(SAS)、基本信息调查问卷对1 491名大于65岁人群进行调查。结果某社区老人抑郁、焦虑、负性情绪发现率为21.1%、2.9%和21.7%,户籍、工作状态、个人生活能力、锻炼有无、婚姻状态、居住方式、学历、经济收入等是影响老年人负性情绪的主要影响因素(P〈0.05),共同影响负性情绪的因素为本地户籍、无锻炼、独自居住。结论社区老年人负性情绪比较常见,应根据相关影响因素开展有针对性地预防干预。 Objective To investigate the prevalence and influencing factors of negative sentiment among the elderly from a community in Hefei city. Methods The general survey was conducted by--using the self--rating depression self--evaluation scale (SDS), self--rating anxiety scale (SAS), and self--made basic information questionnaires. Results The positive rate of depression, anxiety and negative emotion of subjects were 21.1% ,2.9% and 21.7% m, respectively. The main influencing factors of emotion included household registration, working status, personal life ability, exercise, marital status, living style, education, economic income, etc(P〈0.05). The common factors influencing negative emotions included local household registration, no exercise, and living alone. Conclusion Nega- tive emotions such as depression and anxiety exist in the elderly population from a community in Hefei. The main factors affecting negative emotions include household registration, working status, personal life ability, exercise, marital status, residence pattern, education, and economic income. Targeted prevention should be carried out to tackle those factors.
作者 丁颖 闫成锐 马晓丽 刘旭祥 潘发明 DING Ying1, YAN Chengrui2 , MA Xiaoli3 , LIU Xuxiang4 ( 1. School of Public Health, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, 230032, China ; 2. The third People's Hospital of Hefei, Hefei 230011, China ; 3. Hefei center for Disease Control and prevention, Hefei 230061 ,China )
出处 《安徽预防医学杂志》 2018年第5期354-358,共5页 Anhui Journal of Prevent Medicine
关键词 老年人 负性情绪 SDSSAS The elderly Negative affect SDS SAS
作者简介 丁颖(1978-),女,安徽合肥人,在职硕士研究生,主要从事医学统计工作。
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