目的 了解合肥市某社区老年人负性情绪现况及其影响因素。方法 采用抑郁自评量表（SDS）、焦虑自评量表（SAS）、基本信息调查问卷对1 491名大于65岁人群进行调查。结果某社区老人抑郁、焦虑、负性情绪发现率为21．1％、2．9％和21．7％，户籍、工作状态、个人生活能力、锻炼有无、婚姻状态、居住方式、学历、经济收入等是影响老年人负性情绪的主要影响因素（P〈0．05），共同影响负性情绪的因素为本地户籍、无锻炼、独自居住。结论社区老年人负性情绪比较常见，应根据相关影响因素开展有针对性地预防干预。
Objective To investigate the prevalence and influencing factors of negative sentiment among the elderly from a community in Hefei city. Methods The general survey was conducted by--using the self--rating depression self--evaluation scale （SDS）, self--rating anxiety scale （SAS）, and self--made basic information questionnaires. Results The positive rate of depression, anxiety and negative emotion of subjects were 21.1% ,2.9% and 21.7% m, respectively. The main influencing factors of emotion included household registration, working status, personal life ability, exercise, marital status, living style, education, economic income, etc（P〈0.05）. The common factors influencing negative emotions included local household registration, no exercise, and living alone. Conclusion Nega- tive emotions such as depression and anxiety exist in the elderly population from a community in Hefei. The main factors affecting negative emotions include household registration, working status, personal life ability, exercise, marital status, residence pattern, education, and economic income. Targeted prevention should be carried out to tackle those factors.
Anhui Journal of Prevent Medicine