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贸易摩擦背景下玉米生产者补贴制度的经济效应及政策优化 预览

Economic Effects and Policy Optimization of Corn Producer Subsidy System under the Background of Trade Friction
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摘要 玉米生产者补贴制度是我国完善粮食价格形成机制和农业供给侧结构改革的重要内容,而玉米补贴也属于中美农业国内支持争端的重要内容之一。与临时收储制度相比,玉米生产者补贴制度的实施区域的生产者剩余不变,补贴规模要大于临时收储制度的收购支出,对非政策实施区的生产者而言收入不公平性更大,政府单纯向市场投放库存又会引起市场价格和非政策实施区域收入降低以及生产者补贴增加。因此,立足于中美贸易摩擦大背景,要达到提高农民收入和去库存等政策目标,就必须建立战略性贸易政策、优化政策设计和完善相关配套措施。 The subsidy system of corn producers is an important part of completing the formation mechanism of grain price and the reform of agricultural supply side structure in China. The eom subsidy is one of the important contents of the dispute of agricultural do- mestic support between China and American. Compared with the temporary storage system, we discover the following attribution of the subsidy system of eom producers : surplus of farmers in the policy implementation area of the subsidy system of eom producers is not changed, the expenditure scale of the system of the producer subsidy is greater than the purchase expenditure of the temporary storage system, the producer income of the non - policy implementation zone is more unfair than that of the policy implementation area, that the government simply puts stock into the market will lead to a reduction in market prices and income of the producer income of the non - policy implementation zone and increase the expenditure scale of the system of the producer subsidy. Therefore, based on the Chinese and American trade frictions, we must establish strategic trade policies, optimize the design of policies and improve relevant supporting measures in order to achieve the policy goals of raising farmers' income and reducing stock.
作者 王文涛 王富刚 WANG Wen - tao1, WANG Fu - gang2(1. Business School, Hunan University of Science and Technology, Xiangtan, Hunan 411201;2. Gansu Longnan Branch of Agricultural Development Bank of China, Longnan, gansu 746000, China)
出处 《湘潭大学学报:哲学社会科学版》 CSSCI 北大核心 2018年第6期17-23,共7页 Journal Of XIANGTAN University:Philosophy And Social Sciences
基金 国家社科基金项目“国际化市场化背景下粮食目标价格补贴效应、机制与政策研究”(14BJY133) 教育部规划基金项目“市场化和国际化背景下粮食供求紧平衡研究”(13YJA79118) 湖南省社科基金项目“供给侧结构性改革背景下玉米生产者补贴制度研究(17JD33).
关键词 贸易摩擦 玉米 生产者补贴 经济效应 政策优化 trade friction corn producer subsidy economic effect policy optimization
作者简介 王文涛(1972-),男,山东昌邑人,经济学博士,湖南科技大学商学院教授、硕士生导师。
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