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蓄电池与超级电容混合储能系统的控制策略 预览 被引量:96

A Control Strategy for Battery-Ultracapacitor Hybrid Energy Storage System
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摘要 在分布式发电系统中,储能系统要同时具备高功率密度和高能量密度的特点,单种储能元件往往难以达到这个要求,蓄电池与超级电容在性能上具有很强的互补性。本文将蓄电池与超级电容分别通过双向半桥变换器连接到直流母线上构成混合储能系统,蓄电池稳定直流母线电压以维持母线上能量供需平衡,超级电容迅速提供负载波动功率高频分量,抑制负载突变对直流母线造成的冲击。分析了负载功率高频分量的检测方法,建立了双向半桥变换器的数学模型和四种模式下的控制策略。利用DSP实现储能系统的综合控制,通过仿真和实验验证了系统控制策略的有效性。 In distributed power generation system, energy storage system should possess high power density and high energy density simultaneously. Single kind of energy storage device is hard to meet the requirements. Hybrid energy storage system(HESS) is a good solution for this problem. Battery and ultracapacitor can complement each other in performance, and they are connected to DC bus by a corresponding bidirectional half-bridge converter in the paper. The battery maintains the voltage stability of the DC bus. The ultracapacitor provides the high-frequency components of all load of the DC bus to mitigate the impact when load changes. The detection method of the high frequency components of the load power is analyzed. The mathematical model of bidirectional half bridge converter and four kinds of mode control strategies are established. DSP is used to realize the integrated control of the energy storage system. The effectiveness of the control strategies is verified by the results of software simulation and experiments.
作者 张纯江 董杰 刘君 贲冰 Zhang Chunjiang;Dong Jie;Liu Jun;Ben Bing;Key Lab of Power Electronics for Energy Conservation and Motor Drive of Hebei Province Yanshan University;
出处 《电工技术学报》 EI CSCD 北大核心 2014年第4期334-340,共7页 Transactions of China Electrotechnical Society
基金 国家自然科学基金(51077113) 河北高校科学技术研究重点项目(ZH2012053) 河北省自然科学基金(E2013203380)资助项目
关键词 混合储能系统 蓄电池 超级电容 双向半桥变换器 Hybrid energy storage system,battery,ultracapacitor,bidirectional half-bridge converter
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