The construction of telegram communication was an important measure for the Qing government to rule the Sichuan-Tibet areas and cope with aggression efficiently;meanwhile,it was also an act of announcing and safeguarding sovereignty.This article gives a relatively comprehensive analysis to the origin and development of the telegram communication in Sichuan-Tibet areas during the late period of the Qing dynasty.It indicates that the telegram construction and the Qing government s reinforcing of its rule were synchronous.The telegram construction in Tibet was not only about the benefits and rights,but also reflected the Chinese government s exercise of sovereignty in Tibet.Through an analysis on the three treaties concerned Tibet in the late period of the Qing dynasty,this article stresses that the cable communication in Tibet region was a result of the Qing government s“fighting”with the Britain,which was an action of the Qing government to rescue or express its sovereignty in Tibet.The reason why the Qing government was in no hurry to connect the lines between Sichuan and Tibet,but to construct the electric wires between Lhasa and Jiangzi at first was for the purpose of redeeming the electric wires put up by the Britain as soon as possible,and canceling the privilege of the British people there.The telegram communication in Sichuan-Tibet areas indicates that the modern communications in the borderland areas was developed and expanded for military purpose.Due to this purpose,the telegram communication was allowed to be constructed and run only by the official agencies,but not be supervised and run by the official agencies or run with a cooperation between the officials and businessmen.
China's Borderland History and Geography Studies
the Late Period of the Qing Dynasty
Reinforcing the Ruling
Safeguarding the Sovereignty