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探寻唐诗繁盛的原因 预览

Exploring the reasons for the prosperity of Tang poetry
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摘要 在中国古代文学艺术的断代发展史上,唐诗中的名篇最多,影响最大,流传最广。探寻其繁盛的时代现实原因,主要可以列举出:诸如国家文化教育制度中的诗教与科举考试的必有作诗一项;有广泛的诗家和社会公众共同营造的爱诗与传诗的文化氛围的推动;在注重继承先秦与汉魏六朝的诗歌传统基础上,深入学取而启运新机,开创成可供写诗作为范型的近体诗;唐史三百年中发生过几次突出的社会矛盾,使诗人处身于时代历史的冲击之中而各抒情思。在唐代的历时过程里,同时代的诗家与评论家的共时地相与互动,评作品、编诗集、论诗理、形成诗学自觉,既助益当代,又启示后人,构成中国传统文化的一代奇观。 In the development of the ancient Chinese literature and art divided by periods,the most famous poems are those of the Tang Dynasty,being the largest in number,having the greatest influence and most widely spreading.To explore the realistic reasons of the times for the prosperity of Tang Poetry,the following can be listed:poem writing was a must in poetry education and imperial examinations in the national culture and educational system;there were a lot of poets and a wide range of the public promoting the cultural atmosphere of poetry loving and poetry spreading;on the basis of inheriting the poetic tradition of the Pre-Qin Dynasty and the Han,Wei and six dynasties and through deep learning,the opportunity for a model of“modern-style”poetry was created;in the three hundred years of Tang history,several prominent social contradictions occurred,which stirred up the feelings of the poets in the shock of the history of the times.In the diachronic process of the Tang Dynasty,poets and critics of the same period interacted with each other,to evaluate poems,to compile collections of poems and to research on poetic theory,thus forming into the consciousness of poetics,which both helped the contemporary and enlightened the future generations,working wonders for Chinese traditional culture.
作者 王向峰 Wang Xiangfeng(College of Liberal Arts,Liaoning University,Shenyang 110036,China)
机构地区 辽宁大学文学院
出处 《辽宁师范大学学报:社会科学版》 2019年第1期68-74,共7页 Journal of Liaoning Normal University(Social Science Edition)
关键词 唐诗 科举考试 近体诗 诗学 共时评论 Tang poetry imperial examination “modern-style”poetry poetics synchronic review
作者简介 王向峰(1932-),男,辽宁辽中人,辽宁大学教授,北京师范大学博士生导师,主要从事文艺理论研究。
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