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围术期综合护理干预对糖尿病性白内障患者的康复效果观察 预览

Observation on Rehabilitation Effect of Perioperative Comprehensive Nursing Intervention on Diabetic Cataract Patients
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摘要 目的:探讨围术期综合护理干预对糖尿病性白内障患者康复效果的影响。方法:选取2017年3月-2018年2月本院收治的糖尿病性白内障患者112例(共154只眼)。按照随机数字表法将其分为对照组和观察组,各56例。对照组采取常规护理方法,观察组进行综合护理干预。比较两组心理状态(SAS、SDS评分)、术后眼内感染情况、视力水平及康复效果。结果:术前1 d、术后7 d,观察组SAS、SDS评分均低于对照组,比较差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05);对照组术后眼内感染率为8.93%,观察组未发生眼内感染,比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);观察组术后视力水平高于对照组(P<0.05);观察组总有效率为96.43%,高于对照组的82.14%(P<0.05)。结论:围术期给予糖尿病性白内障患者综合护理干预,可缓解患者对于手术的不良心理状态,提高视力及康复效果,减少术后眼内感染发生率,值得推广。 Objective:To explore the rehabilitation effect of perioperative comprehensive nursing intervention on diabetic cataract patients.Method:A total of 112 patients(154 eyes)with diabetic cataract from March 2017 to February 2018 in our hospital were selected.According to the random number table method,they were divided into control group and observation group,56 cases in each group.The control group was given routine nursing,while observation group was given comprehensive nursing intervention.The psychological status(SAS,SDS scores),intraocular infection,visual acuity and rehabilitation effect between two groups were compared.Result:Before operation 1 day and after operation 7 days,the SAS and SDS scores of observation group were lower than those of control group,the differences were statistically significant(P<0.05).The rate of intraocular infection was 8.93%in control group,and no intraocular infection occurred in observation group,the difference was statistically significant(P<0.05).After operation,the visual acuity of observation group was higher than that of control group(P<0.05).The total effective rate was 96.43%in observation group,which was higher than 82.14%in control group(P<0.05).Conclusion:Perioperative comprehensive nursing intervention for diabetic cataract patients can alleviate the adverse psychological state of patients for surgery,improve visual acuity and rehabilitation effect,and reduce the incidence of intraocular infection after surgery,which is worthy of promotion.
作者 邹丹 王琳 刘芳 关东旭 ZOU Dan;WANG Lin;LIU Fang(Red Flag Hospital Affiliated to Mudanjiang Medical College,Mudanjiang 157000,China)
出处 《中国医学创新》 CAS 2019年第1期110-113,共4页 Medical Innovation of China
关键词 糖尿病 白内障 围术期 综合护理干预 Diabetes Cataract Perioperative Comprehensive nursing intervention
作者简介 通信作者:关东旭
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