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五类内吸性杀菌剂在葡萄上的抗药性研究 预览

Study on the resistance of systemic fungicides to grapevines
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摘要 生产上防治卵菌引起的葡萄病害最普遍、最有效的措施还是化学防治。然而,化学杀菌剂的大量频繁使用导致卵菌产生抗药性的风险增加,抗药性的出现引发了一系列问题,使农业生产蒙受了巨大的损失。同时,病原菌抗药性的存在也是我国"化学肥料和农药减施增效、农业绿色发展"战略的重大障碍。结合国内外抗药性研究进展,概述了目前生产上常用的五大类内吸性杀菌剂甲氧基丙烯酸酯类(QoI)、羧酸酰胺类(CAAs)、苯基酰胺类(PAFs)、氰基乙酰胺类和磺胺咪唑类杀菌剂的抗性现状、抗性类型和抗性机制以及抗药性检测方法,以期为生产上快速有效防治卵菌病害提供科学指导。 The most common and effective measure for the prevention of grape diseases caused by oomycetesin production was chemical control.However,the frequent use of chemical fungicides had an increased risk of fungicide resistance.The emergence of fungicide resistance had led to a series of problems that had caused huge losses in agricultural production.At the same time,the existence of pathogenic resistance was also the major obstacles to the strategy of our country's"chemical fertilizers and fungicide reduction,efficiency increase,and green development of agriculture".Research progress of fungicide resistance both at home and abroad was combined.It summarized the current status of resistance,resistance types,resistance mechanisms,as well as resistance detection methods of the five major categories of systemic fungicides that commonly used in production,strobilurins(QoI),carboxylic acid amides(CAAs),phenylamides(PAFs),cyano-acetamide and sulfamimidazoles.In order to provide scientific guidance for the rapid and effective prevention of oomycetes disease in production.
作者 周连柱 孔繁芳 张昊 王忠跃 ZHOu Lianzhu;KONG Fanfang;ZHANG Hao;WANG Zhongyue(State Key Laboratory for Biology of Plant Diseases and Insect Pests,Institute of Plant Protection,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Beijing 100193,China)
出处 《中外葡萄与葡萄酒》 2019年第1期44-51,共8页 Sino-Overseas Grapevine & Wine
基金 国家现代农业产业技术体系(CARS-29) 中国农业科学院科技创新工程.
关键词 卵菌 葡萄 化学防治 抗药性 分子检测技术 oomycetes grapevine chemical control fungicide resistance molecular detection technology
作者简介 周连柱,男,硕士研究生。E-mail:zhoulianzhu1017@foxmail.com;通信作者:王忠跃,男,研究员,主要从事葡萄病虫害综合防控研究工作。E-mail:wangzhy0301@sina.com
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