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协同发展生态农业与社区支持农业促进乡村振兴 预览

Concerted development of ecological agriculture along with community-supported agriculture to facilitate rural vitalization
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摘要 农业问题总是存在于农业之外。本文从政治生态学视角把脉新时期我国农业产业及其相关的农村、农民问题之困,梳理为了缓和或解决“三农”问题在全国上下方兴未艾的生态农业与社区支持农业协同创新实践,唤起全社会对“三农”出路的思考和参与。文章涉及实施乡村振兴战略的方方面面,包括城乡融合发展机制、农业基本经营体制、农业产业体系、农产品供给侧结构性改革等,核心观点是通过生态农业和社区支持农业的协同发展,促进农业“三产”有机融合,从“产业兴旺”角度推进乡村振兴。作者提议:1)体现农民(生产者)的主体地位,用社区支持农业理顺农业经营体系;2)强化生态保护的主导目标,用生态农业构建可持续的农业生产体系;3)突出合作共赢的发展理念,用生态农业和社区支持农业的协同建设促进城乡融合发展。 Agriculture and its associated long-term problems that exist in China have always had its root outside of agriculture itself.The aim of this essay was to diagnose the symptoms of China’s agricultural problems,including peasant and rural problems in the new era under the analytical framework of Political Ecology rather than the obsolete analytical framework of Political Economy.The paper also aimed to address the crucial vitality of creative practices that emerge along with the development of Ecological Agriculture and Community Supported Agriculture since 2009.The paper called for nationwide reflection and participation of societies in finding a way out for agriculture and the associated problems.This article addressed most of the aspects of the new strategy of Rural Vitalization proposed by China’s central government in 2017,including the issues of Mechanism of Integrated Urban-Rural Development,Basic Agricultural Management System,Agricultural Industry System,Structural Reform of the Supply Side of Agricultural Production,etc.The core idea was to integrate the development of the triple industries of agriculture and to eventually facilitate Rural Vitalization from the angle of‘Industrial Blossom’by mean of concerted development of Ecological Agriculture and Community-Supported Agriculture.To achieve these goals,the authors proposed the following incentives from policy-making aspects:1)developing Community-Supported Agriculture for rationalization of agricultural managerial system to embody the principal position of farmers(producers)in agricultural production;2)building a sustainable agricultural production system by means of Ecological Agriculture to strengthen the leading role of ecological protection;3)coordinating Ecological Agriculture and Community-Supported Agriculture for concerted development of urban and rural areas to characterize the concept of win-win cooperation in the new era.
作者 王松良 WANG Songliang(Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University,Fuzhou 350002,China)
机构地区 福建农林大学
出处 《中国生态农业学报(中英文)》 CAS CSCD 北大核心 2019年第2期212-217,共6页 Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture
基金 福建省社科规划项目(FJ2018B070) 福建农林大学国际科技合作与交流项目(KXb16017A)资助.
关键词 生态农业 社区支持农业 农业"三产" 乡村振兴 产业兴旺 Ecological agriculture Community supported agriculture Triple agricultural industry Rural vitalization Industrial blossom
作者简介 王松良,主要从事农业生态学、农业生物技术研究。E-mail:wsoloedu07@126.com
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