期刊文献+

深圳市某街道学龄前儿童营养状况分析

Nutritional status of preschool children in a sub-strict of Shenzhen
收藏 分享 导出
摘要 目的了解辖区内学龄前儿童贫血、营养不良、肥胖发生情况在各年龄组、不同级别托幼机构的分布状况。方法基于2017年深圳市宝安区石岩街道托幼机构的儿童卫生保健工作年报表,收集相关数据。组间差异采用χ^2检验进行分析。结果3~6岁儿童共12761人,贫血、营养不良和肥胖发生率分别为4.90%、2.41%和3.08%。3~、4~、5~和6~各年龄组儿童贫血发生率分别为6.80%、5.21%、4.68%和3.47%,营养不良发生率分别为1.90%、1.91%、2.21%和3.81%,肥胖发生率分别为2.40%、2.73%、3.21%和3.88%。各年龄组间差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05)。市级以上、区级、区级以下托幼机构各组儿童贫血发生率分别为4.46%、5.30%和5.81%,营养不良发生率分别为1.74%、2.62%和4.63%,肥胖发生率分别为2.57%、4.56%和2.01%。各级别组间差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论学龄前儿童随着年龄的增长贫血发生率逐渐降低,而营养不良和肥胖发生率逐渐升高。区级以下托幼机构应加强膳食管理、营养方面的健康教育等,进而降低儿童营养不良、贫血的发生。 Objective To estimate the prevalence of anemia,malnutrition and obesity among preschool children in different age groups and different levels of kindergarten.Methods Data were collected from the annual report of children′s health care in Shiyan sub-district of Shenzhen.χ^2-test was applied to compare the differences in these prevalence between groups.Results A total of 12 761 children aged 3-6 years old were included in the current analysis.The overall prevalence of anemia,malnutrition and obesity was 4.90%,2.41%and 3.08%,respectively.In stratified analysis by age,the prevalence of anemia in 3~、4~、5~and 6~groups was 6.80%,5.21%,4.68%and 3.47%,respectively;the corresponding prevalence of malnutrition was 1.90%,1.91%,2.21%and 3.81%,respectively;and the corresponding prevalence of obesity was 2.40%,2.73%,3.21%and 3.88%,respectively.The differences in the prevalence of these diseases were statistically significant among different age groups(P<0.05).In stratified analyses by levels of kindergarten,the prevalence of anemia in municipal and higher level,district level,and under-district level was 4.46%,5.30%and 5.81%,respectively;the corresponding prevalence of malnutrition was 1.74%,2.62%and 4.63%,respectively;and the corresponding prevalence of obesity was 2.57%,4.56%and 2.01%,respectively.Similarly,the differences in the prevalence of these diseases were statistically significantly among different kindergarten levels(P<0.05).Conclusion While the prevalence of anemia decreased with age,the prevalence of malnutrition and obesity gradually increased with age among the preschool children.The kindergarten that ranked as under-district level should improve the dietary strategy and nutritional health education,in order to reduce the occurrence of malnutrition and anemia in children.
作者 李美莉 曾紫英 胡前胜 LI Meili;ZENG Ziying;HU Qiansheng(Shiyan Center for Disease Prevention and Healthcare of Baoan District,Shenzhen,Guangdong 518108,China;Public Health School of Sun Yat-sen University,Guangzhou 510080,China)
出处 《公共卫生与预防医学》 2019年第1期134-136,共3页 Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine
关键词 托幼机构 学龄前儿童 营养状况 Kindergarten Preschool children Nutritional status
作者简介 第一作者:李美莉,硕士研究生,主管医师,主要研究方向:妇幼保健.
  • 相关文献

参考文献10

二级参考文献85

共引文献33

投稿分析

相关作者

内容加载中请稍等...

相关机构

内容加载中请稍等...

相关主题

内容加载中请稍等...

浏览历史

内容加载中请稍等...
;
使用帮助 返回顶部 意见反馈