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老年衰弱患者焦虑、抑郁、生活质量状况的分析 预览 被引量:1

Analysis of anxiety,depression,and life quality in senile debility patients
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摘要 目的探讨老年衰弱患者焦虑、抑郁与生活质量的相关性。方法选取58例老年衰弱患者进行调查,采用Hamilton焦虑、抑郁量表及世界卫生组织生活质量测定量表简表(WHOQOL-BREF)对患者焦虑、抑郁症状及生活质量进行评定,并进行Pearson相关性分析,分析老年衰弱患者焦虑、抑郁症状与生活质量的相关性。结果58例老年衰弱患者中,焦虑患者34例(58.62%),无焦虑患者24例(41.38%),焦虑组、无焦虑组的生理领域、心理领域、社会领域、环境领域、总体健康及总生活质量评分均显著低于中国常模(P<0.05),且焦虑组以上各项评分显著低于无焦虑组(P<0.05);抑郁患者30例(51.72%),无抑郁患者28例(48.28%),抑郁组、无抑郁组的生理领域、心理领域、社会领域、环境领域、总体健康及总生活质量评分均显著低于中国常模(P<0.05),且抑郁组以上各项评分显著低于无焦虑组(P<0.05);Pearson相关性分析发现,老年衰弱患者焦虑、抑郁症状与生活质量呈负相关(P<0.05)。结论老年衰弱患者存在明显焦虑、抑郁情绪,且与生活质量呈负相关,可降低其生活质量,临床应积极给予心理疏导等,以促进患者身心健康。 Objective To investigate the correlation between anxiety,depression and life quality of senile debility patients.Methods A total of 58 senile debility patients in our hospital were selected.The anxiety,depression and life quality of senile debility patients were assessed by Hamilton Anxiety,Depression Scale and World Health Organization Quality of Life Scale(WHOQOL-BREF),respectively.Pearson correlation analysis was performed for the correlation between anxiety,depression and life quality Results Out of 58 senile debility patients,there were 34 patients(58.62%)with anxiety24(41.38%)without anxiety.The scores of physiology,psychological field,social field,environment,overall health and total life quality of anxiety group and non-anxiety group were lower than that of Chinese norm(P<0.05),and were lower in anxiety group than the non-anxiety group(P<0.05)Pearson correlation analysis showed that anxiety,depression were negatively correlated with life quality in senile debility patients(P<0.05).Conclusion Obvious anxiety,depression occur in elderly debility patients,and are negatively correlated with the quality of life.Meanwhile,the negative emotions could reduce the quality of life,therefore,psychological guidance and other relevant measures should be given in clinic to promote the physical and mental health of the patients.
作者 陈娟 谢军 孙媛媛 杨琳琳 CHEN Juan;XIE Jun;SUN Yuanyuan;YANG Linlin(General Medical Department,Second People′s Hospital of Hefei,Hefei,Anhui,230011)
出处 《实用临床医药杂志》 CAS 2019年第4期73-77,共5页 Journal of Clinical Medicine in Practice
基金 安徽省公益性技术应用研究联动计划项目(1704f0804042) 安徽省合肥市第二人民医院院级科研项目(201819).
关键词 老年患者 衰弱 焦虑 抑郁 生活质量 相关性 senile patients debility anxiety depression life quality correlation
作者简介 通信作者:谢军,E-mail:ahmuxj@sina.com.
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