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论动物排泄物药材的取舍 预览

On the Use or Abandoning of Medicinal Materials from Animal Excrement
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摘要 目的:动物排泄物药材从古时至今,在品种数量上已大大缩减,本文从“数量减少”和“质优则取”方面探讨取舍之道。方法:笔者查阅中国知网与万方搜索“动物排泄物”等文献,发现近十年来仍沿用和研究的仅为:五灵脂、虫茶、黑冰片、蚕砂、夜明砂五种。结果:现将其研究及临床应用的文献加以归纳与分析。结论:要将此类药材全部淘汰,还是要保护、继续发扬这具有中国特色的药材,笔者建议此类药材应遵循“取其精华,去其糟粕”的原则对待。 Objective:Since ancient times,the number of animal excrement medicinal materials has been greatly reduced.This paper discusses the use or abandoning of “quantity reduction” and “quality optimization”.Methods:The author consulted CNKI and Wanfang to search for “animal excreta” and other documents,and found that only five kinds of faeces trogopterori,faeces insect,carbonated faeces of wild boar,faeces bombycis and faeces vespertilionis have been used and studied in the past ten years.Results:the literature on its research and clinical application is summarized and analyzed.Conclusion:In order to eliminate this kind of medicinal materials completely,or to protect and carry forward this kind of medicinal materials with Chinese characteristics,the author suggests that this kind of medicinal materials should follow the principle of “extracting its essence and removing its dross”.
作者 蔡晓华 CAI Xiao-hua(Department of pharmacy,Qingdao municipal hospital,Qingdao 266011,China)
出处 《中国现代中药》 CAS 2019年第1期139-145,共7页 Modern Chinese Medicine
关键词 动物排泄物 药材 五灵脂 虫茶 黑冰片 蚕砂 夜明砂 取舍 animal excrement medical materials faeces trogopterori faeces insect carbonated faeces of wild boar faeces bombycis faeces vespertilionis use or abandon
作者简介 通信作者:蔡晓华,主管药师,研究方向:医院药学;E-mail:1196387090@qq.com.
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