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“健康中国”视域下的临终关怀 预览

Hospice Care from the Perspective of“Healthy China”
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摘要 现代意义的临终关怀事业在中国已经开展了30年,引入“临终关怀”这一术语时,其阐释和含义也不尽相同。临终关怀在中国大陆发展的历程跌宕起伏,并不顺利。一方面受到中国传统思想的影响,把家人送到临终关怀机构的做法往往会引起不孝、不义的指责;另一方面源于国家相关政策的不健全以及死亡教育在我国的欠缺,从而导致人们难以真正理解优逝。随着2016年“健康中国”构想的提出,临终关怀这一理念重新引起人们的重视。然而,我国临终关怀事业的依旧面临种种困境,立法机构、主管部门、临终关怀机构、家庭等必须实现有效协作,才有可能找到对策,使临终关怀满足需求并获得长足发展。 The cause of hospice care in modern sense has been applied in China for 30 years.Ever since the term“hospice care”was introduced,its interpretation and meaning were different.The development of hospice care in mainland China has experienced ups and downs,but not smoothly.On the one hand,it is influenced by traditional Chinese thought.The practice of sending family members to hospice care institutions often leads to unfilial and unjust accusations.On the other hand,it is due to the imperfection of relevant national policies and the lack of death education in China,which makes it difficult for people to really understand the good death.With the concept of“healthy China”put forward in 2016,the concept of hospice care has attracted people’s attention again.However,the cause of hospice care in China is still facing various difficulties.Legislature,administrative departments,hospice care institutions and families must cooperate effectively in order to find countermeasures to meet the needs of hospice care and achieve considerable development.
作者 苏永刚 SU Yonggang(School of Foreign Languages,Shandong University,Jinan 250012,China)
出处 《中国医学伦理学》 2019年第3期287-292,共6页 Chinese Medical Ethics
基金 山东大学齐鲁医学院教改项目(重点)“培养医学生综合素养的英语课程建设与研究”(qlyxjy-201706) 山东大学齐鲁医学院教改项目(一般)“医学英语系列课程建设与实践”(qlyxjy-201726) 山东省人文社科规划项目“ESP视角下医学英语课程建设”(13CWJJ25).
关键词 临终关怀 安宁疗护 健康中国 死亡 Hospice Care Palliative Care Healthy China Death
作者简介 苏永刚,syg@sdu.edu.cn.
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