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口述历史后期成果的评价问题 预览

Evaluation of Oral History Achievement
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摘要 文章主要从口述历史访谈、口述文稿处理、口述历史成果的艺术呈现、文献收集与工作卷宗等问题进行论述。文章认为,口述历史访谈是口述史学中最主要的问题,也是口述历史后期成果评价的关键所在,而真实性则是口述历史的灵魂。口述文稿整理要遵守一定的学术规范,最重要的工作莫过于历史事实与文献资料的考证与核实。此外,整理者还要有一定的政治敏感性。口述历史成果的艺术呈现,主要是文献片与综述片两类。文献收集既是进行口述采访的必要准备,又是口述采访成果的重要补充。工作卷宗主要由法律类文件、工作过程类文件、工作成果类文件三部分组成,要求完整而详尽。 The paper mainly deals with oral interview, oral manuscript editing, artistic presentation of oral history achievements,document collection and work files. This paper holds that oral history interview is the most important problem in oral history and the key to the evaluation of achievemtns in the later stage of oral history, while the authenticity is the soul of oral history. Oral manuscript editing has to comply with academic norms, the most important of which is to make a textual research of historical archives and documentation. Meanwhile, the editor must have some political sensitivity. Documentary film and review film are two genres of oral history. Documentary film is the true record of oral interview, and review film is created on the basis of a documentary with a higher artistic standard. Document collection is the preparation for oral interviews, and also a supplement to oral history’s record. Work files involve legal documents, work process documents, and work achievements, which requires completed and detailed information.
作者 全根先(审校) Quan Gen-xian
机构地区 国家图书馆
出处 《图书馆理论与实践》 CSSCI 2019年第1期5-9,20共6页 Library Theory and Practice
关键词 口述史学 成果 评价 访谈 文稿整理 文献收集 工作卷宗 Oral History Achievement Evaluation Interview Manuscript Editing Documentary Film Review Film Document Collection Work File
作者简介 全根先(1963-),男,毕业于南京大学历史系,硕士,国家图书馆社会教育部(中国记忆项目中心)研究馆员,中国记忆资源建设总审校,研究方向:中国古代文化史,目录学史,口述史学。
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