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新型胃管固定包在术后留置胃管患者中的应用 预览

Application of a new gastric tube fixation kit in patients with indwelling gastric tube after operation
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摘要 目的探讨新型胃管固定包在术后留置胃管患者中应用的效果。方法选择2017年10月至2018年5月入住哈尔滨医科大学附属肿瘤医院行术后留置胃管患者138例为研究对象,按照随机数字表将留置胃管患者分为对照组69例和实验组69例。对照组患者采用常规胃管固定法,实验组患者采用新型胃管固定包对患者胃管进行固定。胃管摘除后,比较两组患者的舒适状况、置管期间患者鼻部压疮发生率,胃管移位或脱出发生率。结果应用新型胃管固定包对患者胃管进行固定,实验组患者的舒适状况评分高于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);实验组患者的压疮发生率、胃管脱出和移位发生率低于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论新型胃管固定包可以改善胃管置管患者的舒适状况,降低患者置管期间鼻部压疮发生率,胃管移位或脱出发生率,值得临床广泛推广。 Objective Objective to explore the effect of a new gastric tube fixation bag in patients after indwelling gastric tube after operation.Methods From October 2017 to May 2018,138 patients who stayed in gastric tube after operation in Cancer Hospital Affiliated to Harbin Medical University were selected as the subjects.The patients were divided into 69 cases in the control group and 69 in the experimental group according to the random number table.The control group was treated with routine gastric tube fixation,while the experimental group was treated with a new gastric tube fixation package.After the gastric tube was removed,the comfort condition of the two groups,the incidence of nasal pressure ulcers and the incidence of gastric tube displacement or prolapse were compared between the two groups.Result The patient's stomach tube was fixed by a new type of gastric tube fixed bag designed by ourselves.The score of comfort status of the experimental group was higher than that of the control group(P<0.05).The incidence of pressure sore,the incidence of gastric tube dislocation and displacement in the experimental group were lower than that of the control group,and the difference was statistically significant(P<0.05).Conclusion The new gastric tube fixation package can improve the comfort status of patients with gastric tube catheterization,reduce the incidence of nasal pressure sore and the incidence of displacement or release of gastric tube,which is worth popularizing in clinic.
作者 陈阳 Chen Yang(Hepatobiliary pancreatic surgery of Cancer Hospital Affiliated to Harbin Medical University,Harbin 150086,Heilongjiang Province,China)
出处 《当代临床医刊》 2019年第1期3-5,共3页 The Medical Journal of Industrial Enterprise
基金 黑龙江省护理学会“威高天使”护理科研基金。
关键词 留置胃管 胃管固定包 术后 护理 Indwelling gastric tube Gastric tube fixed bag Postoperative Nursing Fund program:Heilongjiang Nursing Association"Wei Gao angel"Nursing Research Fund
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