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改革开放以来我国粮食生产转型分析及展望

The transformation of China’s grain production since reform and opening-up and its prospects
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摘要 粮食生产转型是乡村生产体系演变的核心内容,以粮食生产转型研究为突破口能够清晰反映区域乡村人地关系的演化过程,为深化城乡融合发展和乡村转型发展研究提供新的视角。本文聚焦我国改革开放以来粮食生产转型历程,并尝试构建我国粮食生产转型的分析框架。研究发现,改革开放以来我国粮食生产转型呈现出"以粮为纲-农业结构调整-综合转型-城乡互动"四个差异化阶段特征。利用GL-RL模型,构建了我国粮食生产转型的分析框架。研究发现,改革开放以来我国粮食生产由Green Loop阶段演化到Red Loop阶段,粮食生产逐渐由本地生产融入到城乡生产网络,驱动粮食生产转型的扰动因素具有多时空尺度特征和跨尺度效应。城乡融合发展、乡村振兴战略、乡村人地关系协调和全球化等因素将会对未来粮食生产转型产生重要影响。此外,优化粮食生产转型与乡村转型发展的关系,将为保障粮食生产有序转型,完善乡村生产体系创造条件。 The grain production transformation is the core content of the evolution of the rural production system. The breakthrough of grain production transformation research can clearly reflect the evolution of regional rural man-land interactions, and provide a new perspective for deepening urban-rural integration and rural transformation. Based on the analysis of grain production transformation since China’s reform and opening-up, this paper attempts to construct an analytical framework for China’s grain production transformation. We identified four stages in transformation process of grain production, namely, grain as the key link,gricultural restructuring, comprehensive transformation and urban-rural integration. Using GLRL model, the analytical framework of China’s grain production transformation was constructed. It was found that the grain production evolved from "Green Loop" stage to "Red Loop" stage, which was gradually integrated from rural local production network into urbanrural production network. In addition, the disturbance factors driving the grain production transformation have multiple spatial-temporal features and cross-scale effects. Factors such as urban-rural integration development, rural vitalization strategy, rural man-land interactions, and globalization will have an important impact on future grain production transformation.Furthermore, optimizing the relationship between grain production and rural transformation provides guarantees for safeguarding the orderly transformation of grain production, and improving the conditions for creating the rural production system。
作者 戈大专 龙花楼 乔伟峰 GE Da-zhuan;LONG Hua-lou;QIAO Wei-feng(College of Geography, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China;College of Rural Vitalization, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China;Jiangsu Center for Collaborative Innovation in Geographical Information Resource Development and Application, Nanjing 210023, China;Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China)
出处 《自然资源学报》 CSSCI CSCD 北大核心 2019年第3期658-670,共13页 Journal of Natural Resources
基金 国家自然科学基金项目(41731286,41871178) 南京师范大学高层次人才引进启动基金项目(184080H202B160) 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室开放基金.
关键词 粮食生产转型 乡村人地关系 城乡转型发展 乡村发展 grain production transformation rural man-land interaction urban-rural transformation development rural development
作者简介 戈大专(1987-),男,江苏新沂人,博士,讲师,研究方向为乡村转型发展与土地利用转型。E-mail: gedazhuan@163.com;通讯作者:龙花楼(1971-),男,湖南醴陵人,博士,研究员,博士生导师,研究方向为城乡发展与土地利用转型。E-mail:longhl@igsnrr.ac.cn.
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