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国内外体育人口研究侧重点比较分析 预览

Comparative Analysis of the Focus of Sports Population Research at Home and Abroad
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摘要 为了揭示中国体育人口和外国体育人口相关研究之间的差异与区别,对中国和外国体育人口结构、体育人口的活动状态、体育人口参与的项目及体育人口的人群分布进行研究。在体育人口结构上,国外体育人口明显高于国内体育人口;受传统文化和民俗的制约,中国参与体育锻炼的女性人口数量偏低,国外则普遍重视对女性体育锻炼的引导,通过政策大力倡导,从多方面为女性体育锻炼创造条件,从而推动体育人口发展。在体育人口活动状态上,我国每周参加1次体育活动的人口低于国外发达国家,但高于发展中国家平均水平;每周参加3次体育活动的人口与发达国家存在显著差距。我国体育经济和体育消费水平与发达国家相比则存在巨大差距,但随着社会生产力不断发展,我国体育人口数量将呈上升趋势;应该加快全面建成小康社会的进程,促进我国体育人口的快速增长。在体育人口参与项目上,我国国民偏向于身心放松,从事的体育运动负荷较小,简便易行,以强身健体为主;国外的居民偏向于紧张刺激的运动,具有强身健体、休闲娱乐、社会交往的多元化特点。在体育人口人群分布上,国内体育人口主要是青少年和老年人群体,青少年群体对球类运动参与率最高,而部分休闲类的运动在老年人群体中则是很受欢迎;在国外,参与运动的人群随着年龄的增加不断下降。本研究从社会生态学的视角下,分析中外体育人口的差异,为探讨体育人口相关命题提供帮助。 In order to reveal the differences and differences between China' s sports population and foreign sports population related research, China and foreign countries participate in sports population structure, sports population activity status, sports population participation projects and sports population occupations. In terms of sports population structure, the population of physical exercise abroad is obviously higher than that of domestic sports population. The improvement of sports population is inseparable from the quality of national sports culture, and the development of sports population plays an important guiding role in promoting the construction of social civilization. Constrained by traditional culture and folk customs, the number of females participating in physical exercise is low. The international emphasis is on the guidance of women' s physical exercise. The policy advocates vigorously and provides advantages for women' s physical exercise in various aspects, thus promoting the development of sports population. In terms of the status of sports population activities, the population of China participating in sports activities per week is lower than that of developed countries but higher than the average level of developing countries. There is a significant gap between the population participating in three physical activities per week and the developed countries. However, with the continuous development of social productivity, the number of sports population in China will increase. The level of economic development will directly affect the number of sports population. There is still a huge gap between China's sports economy and sports consumption levels compared with developed countries. The process of building a well - off society in an all 一 round way should be accelerated. Promote the rapid growth of China' s sports population. In the sports population participation project, our nationals tend to relax physically and mentally, and the sports they engage in are less loaded and simple, mainly based
作者 蒋志敏 朱传耿 王思玉 曹胜东 JIANG Zhi - min;ZHU Chuan 一 geng;WANG Si - yu;CAO Sheng - dong(Nanjing Sports Institute, Nanjing 210014, China)
机构地区 南京体育学院
出处 《南京体育学院学报》 2019年第3期18-23,共6页 Joournal of Nanjing Sports Institute
基金 江苏省体育局2018年重大科研课题:新时代江苏体育人口分布的空间特征、成因及其相应全民健身干预政策研究(课题编号:ST180126).
关键词 体育人口 性别 环境 人口数量 体育消费 活动类型 年龄划分 sports population gender environment population sports consumption type of activity age division
作者简介 蒋志敏(1995-),男,江苏南京人,硕士生,研究方向:体育教学、体育人文社会学;通讯作者:朱传耿(1963-),男,江苏徐州人,博士,教授,研究方向:高等体育教育管理。
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