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中外监察制度流变兼论我国监察权的法制化 预览

The evolution of supervision system at home and abroad and the legalization of supervisory power in China
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摘要 人类文明自诞生以来,就以多元化的形态存续和发展。中外监察制度在不同地理环境、历史背景下,发展特点差异显著。古代中国的监察制度,意在“彰善瘅恶,激浊扬清”,随着封建集权的加强,愈发附着于专制皇权。西方监察制度的古希腊源头有着“分权与制衡”的理念,经中世纪的消沉,直至近现代,才得以普遍确立和发展。民国“五权宪法”意图将古代中国的监察制度置于西方“三权分立”政治模式之上,却忽略了基本国情。这些监察制度的经验教训,对我国推进全面依法治国,构建监察权力法制化有着深刻的借鉴意义。 Since the birth of human civilization, it has developed in a pluralistic form. In the different geographical environment and historical background, the development of Chinese and foreign supervisory system has significant difference. Ancient China's supervisory system was intended to " exhibit virtue and expose vice". With the strengthening of feudal centralization, it became more and more attached to the autocratic imperial power. The western concept of "separation of powers and checks and balances" originated from the supervisory system in ancient Greece. After the depression of the Middle Ages, it was not until modern times that it was universally established and developed. The "Five-Power Constitution" of the Republic of China intends to place the supervisory system of ancient China on the political model of " separation of the three powers" in the West, but it neglected the basic national conditions. The lessons of these supervisory systems are great significant for our country to promote the comprehensive rule of law and to establish the legalization of supervisory power.
作者 邱前锋 Qiu Qianfeng(不详)
机构地区 中国科学院大学
出处 《贵州省党校学报》 2019年第2期56-62,共7页 Journal of the Party School of Guizhou Provincial
关键词 监察制度 法制化 监察权 监察委 supervision system legalization supervisory power Supervision Committee
作者简介 邱前锋,男,中国科学院大学硕士。研究方向:法制史。
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