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欧盟和北美抗生素耐药性监测调查现状比较 预览

Comparison of antimicrobial resistance surveillance programs in the European Union and North America
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摘要 抗生素耐药性问题引起国际间的高度关注,许多发达国家已经陆续建立起耐药监测系统,如美国的NARMS,加拿大的CIPARS,欧盟的EARS-Net、丹麦的DANMAP等。本文主要介绍这些耐药性监测系统及其最新的研究成果,重点对比分析了目前欧盟和北美地区的耐药情况和采取的预防控制措施。同时亦将中国的CARSS系统列举在内作为比较。借鉴上述抗生素耐药性监测系统的先进经验和我国目前所面临的挑战,提出促进我国抗生素耐药性监测和研究的建议,主要包括提高完善耐药监测系统、采纳国际社会良好实践、规范抗生素管理和加快新抗菌药的研发等。 The antibiotic resistance issue has attracted international attentions. A number of developed countries have already established resistance monitoring systems, including the NARMS in United States, the CIPARS in Canada, the EARS-Net in European Union, and the DANMAP in Denmark. This article describes these monitoring systems and their recent findings, with a focus on the current resistance situations and the measures taken for resistance prevention and control in Europe and North America. For comparison, the CARSS in China is also included. Based on the experience gained from the above-mentioned resistance surveillance programs and the challenges faced by China, considerations are put forward to facilitate antibiotic resistance surveillance and research in China, which include, but not to be limited to, improving the surveillance and monitoring systems, applying international good practices, promoting antibiotic stewardship, and accelerating the development of new antibacterial drugs.
作者 罗讯 徐紫慧 张文劲 刘畅 李祖刚 郝海红 Luo Xun;Xu Zi-hui;Zhang Wen-jin;Liu Chang;Li Zu-gang;Hao Hai-hong(National Reference Laboratory of Veterinary Drug Residues, Huazhong Agricultural University/MOA Key Laboratory for Detectionof Veterinary Drug Residues/National Laboratory for Safety Evaluation of Veterinary Drugs, Huazhong Agricultural University/MOA Laboratory for Risk Assessment of Quality and Safety of Livestock and Poultry Products, Wuhan 430070)
出处 《中国抗生素杂志》 CAS CSCD 2019年第4期393-400,共8页 Chinese Journal of Antibiotics
基金 国家重点研发计划项目(No.2016YFD0501302/2017YFD0501406) 国家自然科学基金(No.31772791) 国家畜禽产品质量安全风险评估(No.GJFP2016007)。
关键词 抗生素耐药性 欧盟 北美 Antibiotic resistance European Union North America
作者简介 罗讯,女,生于1991年,在读硕士研究生,主要从事细菌耐药性研究,E-mail:137365775@qq.com;通讯作者,郝海红:E-mail:haohaihong@mail.hzau.edu.cn.
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