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蚌埠市2008~2017年艾滋病确证试验检测结果分析

Analysis of the results of AIDS confirmation test in Bengbu City from 2008 to 2017
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摘要 目的了解艾滋病确证试验中确证标本和不确定标本的特征,分析确证标本、不确定标本的带型分布情况。方法收集2008~2017年市辖区各类检测机构艾滋病筛查实验室的艾滋病抗体初筛阳性样本,按《全国艾滋病检测技术规范》要求,使用蛋白印迹法(WB法)进行艾滋病抗体确证试验。结果十年期间,艾滋病初筛检测46145份标本,艾滋病抗体确证阳性1041份,阳性率为2.26%;抗体不确定为122份,2015年除外,不确定数逐年增加。各确证国产试剂的特异性和敏感性未见差异。结论蛋白印迹法广泛应用于艾滋病病例的确证,在艾滋病防治工作中发挥着重要作用。 Objective To understand the characteristics of confirmed and uncertain specimens in AIDS confirmation test,and to analyze the band distribution of confirmed and uncertain specimens.Methods HIV antibody first screening positive samples were collected from HIV screening laboratories of various testing institutions in municipal districts of Bengbu City from 2008 to 2017.According to the requirements of National AIDS Testing Technical Specification,the confirmation test of HIV antibody was carried out by western blotting method(WB method).Results During the 10-year period,46 145 samples were screened and tested for AIDS.Among them,1 041 were confirmed positive for AIDS antibodies,with a positive rate of 2.26%.The number of uncertain antibodies was 122,with the exception of 2015,the uncertain figures increased year by year.There was no difference in specificity and sensitivity between domestic reagents.Conclusion Western blotting method was widely used in the confirmation of AIDS cases and plays an important role in the prevention and treatment of AIDS.
作者 刘国洲 董娟 孙莉 LIU Guozhou;DONG Juan;SUN Li(Bengbu Center for Disease Control and prevention ,Bengbu 2330801 Anhui,China)
出处 《安徽预防医学杂志》 2019年第2期101-104,共4页 Anhui Journal of Prevent Medicine
关键词 AIDS HIV 筛查 蛋白印迹 确证试验 不确定报告 AIDS HIV Screening Western blot Confirmation test Uncertain reports
作者简介 刘国洲,(1967-),男,安徽颍上人,主管检验师,双专科,主要从事微隹物检验工作,研究方向为艾滋病、结核病等重点传架病实验室检测。
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