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学龄前儿童家长口腔保健知识知晓和需求调查 预览

Survey on oral health knowledge and needs of preschool children parents
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摘要 [目的]了解学龄前儿童家长口腔保健知识知晓状况、需求,为托幼机构制定有针对性的口腔健康宣教和预防措施提供依据。[方法]向昆明市某公办幼儿园全体家长发放口腔健康知识问卷进行调查。[结果]发放问卷346份,回收有效问卷317份,问卷回收率91.6%。知晓“含糖食物危害牙齿”、“刷牙可以保护牙齿”、“乳牙龋坏要治疗”的家长是100%;“含氟牙膏可以吞咽”、“奶瓶可以用到3岁”、“窝沟封闭能预防乳牙龋齿”这3个知识点家长知晓率最低分别是2.8%、10.4%、18.9%;儿童年龄影响家长口腔保健知识得分,其差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);家长年龄、文化程度不同口腔保健知识得分有差异,其差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);家长对口腔保健知识需求的前3位依次是:窝沟封闭的相关知识(66.9%)、蛀牙的治疗方法(64.7%)、氟化物的使用(63.7%);家长获取口腔保健知识的途径依次是幼儿园专题讲座(76.3%)、电视\广播\报刊读物(73.9%)、短信\微信公众号(60.7%)。[结论]学龄前儿童家长对口腔健康知识中的基本常识认知较好,但对预防儿童龋齿的口腔知识匮乏,妇幼保健机构应有针对性地加强托幼机构的口腔卫生知识宣教及预防措施。 Objective To understand awareness status and demand of oral health knowledge of preschool children s parents so as to provide basis for formulating targeted oral health education and preventive measures for preschool institutions.Methods The oral health knowledge questionnaire was distributed to all parents of a public kindergarten in Kunming.Results 346 questionnaires were distributed and 317 were effectively collected.Recovery rate was 91.6%.100%of parents knew that“sugary foods harm teeth”,“brush teeth can protect teeth”and“baby teeth decay need to be treated”.The awareness rate of three knowledge points of“fluoride toothpaste can be swallowed”,“milk bottle can be used at the age of 3”and“pit and fissure sealing can prevent baby teeth decay”was 2.8%,10.4%and 18.9%respectively.Different ages of children affected the oral health knowledge score of parents,and there was statistically significance in the difference(P<0.05).There were significant differences in oral health knowledge scores among parents with different age and education level(P<0.05).The top three oral health knowledge needs of parents were that knowledge of pit and fissure sealing(66.9%),therapies of dental caries(64.7%)and use of fluoride(63.7%).Parents obtained oral health knowledge through special kindergarten lectures(76.3%),television/radio/newspapers and periodicals(73.9%),and text messages/Wechat Official Account(60.7%).Conclusions Parents of preschool children have good understanding of basic oral health knowledge,but lack of oral knowledge of preventing children from dental caries.Maternal and child care service center should strengthen oral health education publicity and preventive measures on pertinence.
作者 唐红萍 赵焱 唐兰萍 张燕 TANG Hong-ping;ZHAO Yan;TANG Lan-ping(Yunnan Maternal and Child Care Service Center,Kunming Yunnan 650051,China)
出处 《卫生软科学》 2019年第7期88-93,共6页 Soft Science of Health
基金 国家“十二五”国家科技重大专项:艾滋病和病毒性肝炎等重大传染病防治(2015ZX10001001-004).
关键词 学龄前儿童 口腔保健知识 调查 preschool children oral health knowledge survey
作者简介 唐红萍(1971-),女,云南玉溪人,本科,副主任医师,主要从事口腔医学方面的工作;通讯作者:张燕(1963-),女,云南昆明人,主任医师,主要从事妇幼保健方面的工作。
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