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我国设施园艺发展现状与趋势 预览

Development status and trends of protected horticulture in China
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摘要 21世纪以来,我国设施园艺取得了长足进步,已经成为全世界设施园艺面积最大的国家,占世界总面积的85%以上,在农业和农村经济发展、乡村振兴中发挥着越来越重要的作用。本文从我国园艺设施的类型、种植结构、规模、效益和国民经济中的地位等方面,简述我国设施园艺发展概况,并总结了我国设施园艺在工程装备、地域分布、标准化、节本增效、连作障碍防控、无土栽培、物联网等方面取得的主要成就,概括了我国设施园艺的主要特点,同时从产业布局、装备水平、产品质量、科技支撑、社会服务水平、生产效益、产品保鲜加工等方面分析了我国设施园艺发展进程中存在的问题和不足,最后结合近年来设施园艺领域的技术进步和最新发展动态,探讨了我国设施园艺今后的发展趋势。 Protected horticulture in China had improved significantly and owned the greatest area among all the countries in the world since this century,which was more than 85% of the world ’ s total area of protected horticulture,and played an increasingly important role in agriculture,rural economy and the rural revitalization strategy. Based on the status of types,structure,scale,benefit and position in the national economy,we made a brief introduction to the development of protected horticulture in China. Moreover,the achievements in the engineering equipment,regional distribution,standardization,cost-saving and efficiency-enhancing,obstacle prevention and control of continuous cropping,soilless cultivation,and the Internet of Things of protected horticulture in China were summarized. On the other hand,the main characteristics of protected horticulture in China were briefly showed,and the problems in the development of protected horticulture in China were analyzed from the aspects of industrial layout,equipment level,product quality ,scientific and technological support,social service level,production efficiency,product preservation and processing,etc. Finally ,the future development trend of protected horticulture in China was discussed based on the recent technological progress and the latest developments in the field of protected horticulture.
作者 孙锦 高洪波 田婧 王军伟 杜长霞 郭世荣 SUN Jin;GAO Hongbo;TIAN Jing;WANG Junwei;DU Changxia;GUO Shirong(College of Horticulture,Nanjing Agricultural University,Nanjing 210095,China)
出处 《南京农业大学学报》 CAS CSCD 北大核心 2019年第4期594-604,共11页 Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University
基金 国家重点研发计划项目(2016YFD0201007) 国家大宗蔬菜产业技术体系项目(CARS-25-C-03).
关键词 设施园艺 概况 发展趋势 protected horticulture general situation trends of development
作者简介 孙锦,副教授;通信作者:郭世荣,教授,博导,主要研究方向为设施园艺,E-mail:srguo@njau.edu.cn。
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