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水库大坝安全管理应急预案编制实践和思考 预览

Preparation of emergency plan for safety management of reservoir dam:practices and reflection
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摘要 从水库管理权限、突发事件类型、影响区域、事件后果等显著特征分析了水库应急预案在政府应急预案体系中的地位和作用,水库应急预案与政府应急预案体系中的其他专项应急预案职责相互影响和交叉,资源相互补充和共享。分析了水库应急预案编制的主要内容和存在的主要问题,针对遭遇突发事件时水库自身和水库下游影响区域应急响应和应急处置的责任主体以及应急预案编制主体提出具体建议,水库自身应急预案应由水库管理单位组织编制,水库下游影响区域的应急预案应以政府总体应急预案为基本依据,不同编制主体的具体内容也应当予以修订。高坝大库遭遇溃坝等突发事件时灾难性后果难以估量且难以承受,其水库应急预案应进行专题研究。 The position and function of reservoir emergency plan in the government planning system are evaluated in the respects of administrative authorities, type of emergency accident, impacted areas and consequences. It is argued that the two plans are interacted and influenced by each other, by means of complementarity and sharing of resources. Regarding the main contents and issues related to the preparation of reservoir emergency plan, suggestions are made to the main bodies for emergency response and treatment in the reservoir area as well as downstream in case of occurrence of accident. The reservoir plan should be made by the management authority of the reservoir, while the emergency plan for the downstream area should be the responsibility of local government with consideration of specific contents and requirements. Concerning to the disastrous consequences of the high dam, special subject study should be conducted for reservoir emergency plan.
作者 贺顺德 张志红 崔鹏 马莅茗 He Shunde;Zhang Zhihong;Cui Peng;Ma Liming(不详)
出处 《中国水利》 2019年第12期33-36,25共5页 China Water Resources
关键词 水库 大坝 安全管理 应急预案 编制 reservoir dam safety management emergency plan preparation
作者简介 贺顺德,教授级高级工程师。
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