During the thirty years of glorious development after World War II, when France saw rapid industrialization and urbanization driven by strong economic regeneration, its rural areas had suffered from continuous outflow and remarkable aging, which once made the whole society quite pessimistic about the future of rural France. However, since the 1970s, rural France saw a series of new figures, such as demographic growth, economic restructuring and social reconfiguration, which led to a significant transformation of the rural landscape and the urban-rural interrelationship. This article reviews the process of renaissance and restructuring of rural France in the later part of the 20th century, and summarizes its general trends: the back flow of urban population to the countryside made the rural society tend to have the same social structure as the urban society but a more serious situation of aging;Land adjustment promoted the scaled development of agriculture, while the prosperity of small- and medium-sized enterprises promoted the economic vitality of the countryside, in particular the growth of tourism, service and real estate;The demographic and industrial changes shaped a new rural territory, with its spatial organization being characterized by the concentration of employment, the dispersion of residence, and the hierarchization of services and its function being transformed from agricultural production to the integration of residence, tourism, environmental protection and landscape heritage. It argues that rural renaissance and restructuring implies the fundamental reconfiguration of the productive elements of people, industry and land and relies on an open market environment, a fair institutional environment, and a positive governmental intervention, with due attention to the role of small towns and small- and medium-sized cities. All these can serve as useful reference for the rural revitalization in China.
URBAN PLANNING INTERNATIONAL
Beautiful Countryside Construction