目的讨论特质焦虑的代际传递及教养方式在其中的中介作用。方法亲子配对调查山东省莒南三中的126 位子女及其父母,其中父亲124 名,母亲126 名,男生67 名,女生59 名,运用特质焦虑量表对父母及子女特质焦虑进行测量,运用父母教养方式养育问卷对父母教养方式进行测量,通过SPSS 软件及AMOS 软件对数据进行分析。结果( 1)父亲特质焦虑不存在年龄段的显著差异,母亲特质焦虑存在年龄段的显著差异;(2)父母特质焦虑能够正向预测控制性教养方式与子女特质焦虑,父母控制性教养方式能够显著正向预测子女特质焦虑。结论特质焦虑存在代际传递,控制性教养方式在其中起中介作用。
Objective The objective of this study was to investigate the intergenerational transmission of trait anxiety and the mediating role of parenting style in it. Methods A parent-child pair survey of 126 children and their parents was conducted in Junan No. 3 Middle School of Shandong Province, including 124 fathers, 126 mothers, 67 boys, 59 girls. Trait Anxiety Scale was used to measure the trait anxiety of children and parents and Parental Bonding Instrument was used to measure parental style. SPSS and AMOS were used to analyze the data. Results (1) There is no significant difference in father's trait anxiety among different age groups, but there is significant difference in mother's trait anxiety among different age groups;(2) Parental trait anxiety can positively predict children's trait anxiety, and the controlled parenting style can significantly positively predict children's trait anxiety. Conclusions Trait anxiety exists in intergenerational transmission, in which a controlling parenting style plays a mediating role.
Chinese Journal of Disaster Medicine
controlling parenting style
parent-child pair survey