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中国依宪治国和法治政府建设的主要特色 预览

The Main Features of Constitution-Based Governance and the Construction of Law-based Government in China
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摘要 中国的依宪治国和法治不完全等同于西方国家的宪政和法治,其特色主要有六个方面。其一,坚持中国共产党的领导与宪制、法治的统一,既强调宪制和法治必须坚持党的领导,又强调党的领导必须依靠宪制和法治。其二,突出以人民为中心,强调保障人民政治权利,更强调保障人民社会经济权利。其三,突出对公权力的制约规范,既强调控制公权力,把公权力关进制度的笼子里,又强调激励公权力,充分发挥公权力治国理政,为民办事的积极作用。其四,特别强调正确处理权力与权利的关系,既强调坚持人民代表大会制度,以权利制约权力,也重视国家权力的相互分工、以权力制约权力。其五,特别强调正确处理国法与党规、硬法与软法的关系,既强调充分发挥作为硬法的国法的作用,也重视发挥党规和其他软法的作用。其六,特别强调正确处理形式法治和实质法治的关系,既强调形式法治,做到有法可依、有法必依、执法必严、违法必究,也重视实质法治,追求良法善治。 The constitution-based governance and the rule of law in China are not exactly the same as the constitutionalism and the rule of law in Western countries and enjoy mainly six features: Firstly, they adhere to the unity of the leadership of the Communist Party of China and the constitutional governance and rule of law, which emphasizes that the constitutional governance and the rule of law must adhere to the party's leadership, and the party's leader-ship must rely on the constitutional governance and the rule of law;Secondly, they highlight the core status of the people, which emphasizes not only the protection of people's political rights, but also the protection of people's social and economic rights;Thirdly, they highlight the restriction and regulation of public power, which emphasizes not only the control of public power by putting public power into the cage of the system, but also the incentive of public power to give full and positive play to the public power in governing the country and working for the people;Fourthly, they especially stress the correct treatment of the relationship be-tween power and rights, which not only emphasizes the persistence of the people's congress system to restrict public power by rights, but also attaches importance to the division of state power to restrict power;Fifthly, they especially emphasize the correct treatment of the rela-tionship between national laws and party rules, and the relationship between hard law and soft law, which not only emphasizes the full play of the role of national laws as the hard law, but also attach importance to the role of party rules and other soft laws;Sixthly, they especially emphasize the correct treatment of the relationship between the formal rule of law and the substantive rule of law, which not only emphasizes the formal rule of law that there are laws to abide by, the laws must be observed and strictly enforced, and law - breakers must be pun-ished, but also attaches importance to the substantive rule of law by pursuing good laws and
作者 姜明安 Jiang Mingan(不详)
机构地区 北京大学法学院
出处 《政治与法律》 CSSCI 北大核心 2019年第8期2-16,共15页 Political Science and Law
基金 教育部人文社科重点研究基地重大项目“中国特色依宪治国和法治政府建设研究”(项目编号:16JJD820002)的阶段性成果。
关键词 依宪治国 法治政府 宪制 法治 Constitution - based Governance Law - based Government Constitutional Governance Rule of Law
作者简介 姜明安,北京大学法学院教授,教育部人文社科重点研究基地北京大学宪法与行政法研究中心名誉主任.
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