本文基于包括经济发展、社会发展、生活水平、生态环境和城乡融合 5 个维度 25 个指标的中国农村发展指数,对 2011~2017 年全国及各地区农村发展进程进行测度和比较研究。研究结果表明:农村发展水平在全国、区域和省级层面稳步提高,且主要贡献来自社会发展和生活水平的提升,城乡融合的贡献率下降明显;西部与东北地区农村发展的差距缩小,生态环境成为中部和西部地区农村发展水平进一步提高的制约因素;经济发展和社会发展维度在省份间的差距比较明显,生态环境维度省份间差距有所扩大且该维度贡献率为负值的省份数量最多;全国各省份维度间发展的失衡仍然存在但普遍趋于缓解。促进乡村振兴需要深化对农村综合发展内涵的认识,提高城乡融合对农村发展的带动作用,促进各地区的均衡发展并缓降西部和东北地区省份维度间发展失衡及生态环境对农村发展的制约。
Based on China's Rural Development Index which is composed of 25 indicators in five dimensions, namely, economic development, social development, living standards, ecological environment and urban-rural integration, this article measures rural development progress at national, regional and provincial levels from 2011 to 2017 and conducts a comparative analysis among regions. The results show that rural development level has improved steadily at all levels and the major contribution comes from the improvement of social development and living standards, but the contribution rate of urban-rural integration has significantly decreased. The gap between rural development in Western and Northeastern regions has narrowed. Ecological environment has become a constraining factor for further development of rural areas in Central and Western regions. Obvious disparities exist among regions both in the dimensions of economic development and social development, the disparities among regions in the dimension of ecological environment are enlarged and the number of regions with a negative contribution rate is the largest. The imbalance between dimensions still exists but tends to alleviate generally. To promote the revitalization of rural areas, it is necessary to deepen the understanding of the connotation of comprehensive development of rural areas, improve the leading effect of urban-rural integration on rural development, promote balanced development of all regions, reduce the imbalance among provinces, and overcome ecological environment constraint on rural development in Western and Northeastern regions.
Chinese Rural Economy
Rural Development Index