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体育活动模块对3~6岁幼儿身体素质的影响

Effectiveness of sports activity module on physical fitness of 3-6 years old children
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摘要 目的探索多元体育活动模块对3~6岁幼儿身体素质的影响,为促进幼儿身体素质发展提供理论和实证依据。方法以附属幼儿园3~6岁幼儿176名为研究对象,随机分为对照班和实验班。实验班幼儿采用多元体育活动模块,共持续24周(5次/周,30min/次);对照班幼儿采用一般体育活动内容。实验班与对照班幼儿的活动时间、强度和活动频率基本一致。结果从多元智能理论视角构建了由8个部分组成的幼儿多元体育活动模块。干预前,实验班与对照班的幼儿身体基本形态指标和素质指标差异均无统计学意义(P值均>0.05);实验班干预后小班幼儿的身高[(109.29±6.56)cm]高于干预前[(105.11±5.51)cm](P<0.01)。干预后,实验班小班、中班、大班幼儿立定跳远、走平衡木、网球掷远、坐位体前屈、10m折返跑、双脚连续跳均高于对照班(P值均<0.05)。结论多元体育活动模块在发展幼儿身体素质方面优于一般体育活动内容,可作为发展幼儿身体素质的项目进行推广。 Objective This paper constructed the children's multiple sports activity module from the perspective of Multiple Intelligences,and explored the effect of sports activity module on physical fitness of young children.Methods A total of 176 children aged 3-6 years were randomly divided into control and experimental classes for 24 weeks,5 times/week,30 minutes/time.Children in the experimental class received multi-sports activity module,and children in the control class received general sports activities.Activity duration,intensity and frequency of the experimental class and the control class were basically the same.Results This study constructed the children's multiple sports activity module with eight pieces of content from the perspective of Multiple Intelligences.Before the intervention,there was no statistical difference between the experimental class and the control class(P>0.05),and the height of the children aged 3 to 4 years after the intervention in the experimental class[(109.29±6.56)cm]was significantly higher than that before the intervention[(105.11±5.51)cm](P<0.01).After intervention,the walking balance beam,the 10-meter reverse run and the feet continuous jump of the children aged 3 to 4 years in the experimental class were significantly higher than those in the control class(P<0.01).The standing long jump,sitting position forward flexion of the children aged 3 to 4 years were also significantly higher than those in the control class(P<0.05).The balance beam of the children aged 4 to 5 years in the experimental class was significantly higher than that in the control class(P<0.01).Tennis throw,sitting position forward flexion,10-meter reverse run,feet continuous jump of the children aged 4 to 5 years were also significantly higher than the control class(P<0.05).The walking balance beam of the children aged 5 to 6 years was significantly higher in the experimental class than that in the control class(P<0.01),the standing long jump tennis throw,the sitting position forward flexion,The 10-meter reverse
作者 王雪芹 陈士强 丁焕香 司明 WANG Xueqin;CHEN Shiqiang;DING Huanxiang;SI Ming(School of Sports and Health,Linyi University,Linyi(276005),Shandong Province,China)
出处 《中国学校卫生》 CAS 北大核心 2019年第7期1036-1039,1042共5页 Chinese Journal of School Health
基金 教育部人文社科研究一般项目(16YJC890023)。
关键词 运动活动 身体素质 干预性研究 儿童 Motor activity Physical fitness Intervention studies Child
作者简介 王雪芹(1978-),女,山东寿光人,博士,教授,主要研究方向为运动免疫与健康促进。
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