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中日韩制造业国际竞争力比较——基于国内技术含量的视角

The International Competitiveness of China,Japan and South Korea's Manufacturing Industry: An Analysis Based on Domestic Technological Content
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摘要 利用基于生产工序的测算方法以及WIOD的最新数据,测算中日韩三国制造业的国内技术含量及国际竞争力指数,可以从技术层面客观评估三国制造业的国际竞争力。结果表明:中日韩三国制造业的国内技术含量都呈现明显的上升趋势,中国的增速要明显高于日韩两国。但无论是制造业总体还是细分行业,中国的国内技术含量都要明显低于日韩两国;中日韩三国制造业在国际上都具有较强的国际竞争力,日韩两国具有比较优势的行业集中在资本密集型和技术密集型行业,中国具有比较优势的行业集中在劳动密集型和资本密集型行业;在劳动密集型行业,中日和日韩以互补关系为主,中韩以竞争关系为主。在资本密集型行业,三国呈现明显的竞争关系。在技术密集型行业,则呈现出竞争和互补共存的特征。 Using the new method based on the production process and the data of world input - output database,this paper calculates the domestic technological content and the international competitiveness index of China,Japan and South Korea's manufacturing industry. The results show that the domestic technological content of three countries increased gradually within these years,China's growth rate is significantly higher than the other two countries. However,China's domestic technological content is significantly lower than Japan and South Korea in both manufacturing industry and 18 industrial sectors. Three countries' manufacturing industry all have strong international competitiveness in international market. Both Japan and South Korea have comparative advantage in the capital - intensive industries as well as technology - intensive industries. China has comparative advantage in the labor - intensive industries as well as capital - intensive industries. In the labor - intensive industries,there exists complimentary relationship between China and Japan as well as between Japan and South Korea,there also exists competitive relationship between China and South Korea. In the capital - intensive industries,three countries have significant competitive relationship among each other. In the technology - intensive industries,both competitive relationship and complimentary relationship exist among three countries.
作者 刘磊 关权 LIU Lei;GUAN Quan(1.School of International Trade and Economics,Shandong University of Finance and Economics,Jinan ,Shandong,250014,China;School of Economics,Renmin University of China,Beijing,100872,China)
出处 《现代日本经济》 CSSCI 北大核心 2019年第5期55-69,共15页 Contemporary Economy OF Japan
基金 国家社会科学基金项目“垂直专业化背景下中国制造业国内技术含量的动态变化及影响因素研究”(15CJL049) 全国统计科学研究项目“中国工业企业全要素生产率动态分解及影响因素研究”(2018LY87).
关键词 全球价值链 中日韩 制造业 国内技术含量 国际竞争力 global value chain China - Japan - South Korea manufacturing industry domestic techno- logical content international competitiveness
作者简介 刘磊,经济学博士,山东财经大学国际经贸学院讲师;关权,经济学博士,中国人民大学经济学院教授,博士生导师。
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