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集群视角下的村落遗产文化形态特征--以山西临汾云丘山传统村落群为例 预览

Characteristics of Cultural Form of Village Heritage from the Perspective of Communities:A Case Study of Traditional Villages in Mount Yunqiu, Linfen, Shanxi Province
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摘要 传统村落既是历史脉络和地方文化的载体,亦是村民日常生活的空间。认知传统村落时,从集群视角切入,探讨各村落单元之间的关联,平衡区域文化要素和具体生活现象之间的关系,是衔接过去与当下的重要途径。研究样本位于山西省临汾市乡宁县,其所处"河汾地区"的"大传统"指向性不足,而基于村落自身所梳理出的"小传统"更能够代表其沿革历程和发展方向。根据村落群形成演化的环境、经济、宗教、组织等影响要素,归纳文化形态的外向和内向特征。外向特征体现为适应自然环境和社会组织运转,内向特征包括民众在区域内部形成的共同空间意象、公共空间的使用方式、文教活动的展开形式。外向特征与内向特征共同附着于村落群的文化形态,形成了云丘山地区特有的文化属性,为村落的传统延续和日常生活运转提供支撑。 Traditional villages are not only the carrier of local culture and historical context,but also the space for daily life of villagers.When cognising traditional villages,it is significant to bridge the past and the present from the perspective of communities,exploring connections among various village units,and balancing the relationship between regional cultural elements and specific life phenomena.The study focuses on cases in Xiangning,Linfen,Shanxi Province,located in the culture circle called Hefen Region,which "Great Tradition" is lack of specificity.However,"Little Tradition",based on the village itself,can well represent its history and development process.According to the environmental,economic,religious,organisational factors,the external and internal characteristics of the cultural form will be summarised.The external characteristcs include the natural environment adaptation and the social organisation pattern.The internal includes the collective spatial image of villagers living around,the utility of public spaces,and the performance of cultural and educational behaviors.All of them are attached to the cultural form of the community,forming a unique cultural attribute of the Mount Yunqiu area,supporting the tradition inheritance and everyday life continuation.
作者 王鑫 王力恒 陈关鑫 WANG Xin;WANG Liheng;CHEN Guanxin(不详)
出处 《世界建筑》 2019年第10期102-105,共4页 World Architecture
基金 国家自然科学基金资助项目(项目批准号:51608030) 北京交通大学人才基金资助项目(项目批准号:2017RCW003).
关键词 云丘山 村落遗产 传统村落群 文化形态 小传统 Mount Yunqiu village heritage traditional village communities cultural form little tradition
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