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彩超引导下经皮穿刺硬化与腹腔镜去顶减压术治疗单纯性肾囊肿的Meta分析 预览

A Meta -analysis of ultrasound-guided percutaneous puncture sclerotherapy versus laparoscopic decortication in the treatment of simple renal cysts
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摘要 目的应用Meta分析评价彩超引导下经皮穿刺硬化和腹腔镜去顶减压术治疗单纯性肾囊肿的疗效和安全性。方法检索PubMed、Cochrane Library、中国知网、万方、维普等数据库中有关彩超引导下经皮穿刺硬化和腹腔镜去顶减压术治疗单纯性肾囊肿的前瞻性随机对照试验(RCT),研究结局包括有效率、手术时间、术中出血量、术后住院时间、并发症发生率、复发率、治疗费用。结果共纳入14篇RCT,穿刺硬化组病例726例,去顶减压组750例。Meta分析显示,穿刺硬化组的手术时间[WMD=-41.02,95%CI(-47.41,-34.62),P<0.001]、术后住院时间[WMD=-2.75,95%CI(-3.71,-1.79),P<0.001]、并发症发生率[OR=0.32,95%CI(0.21,0.51),P<0.001]、治疗费用[WMD=-5991.24,95%CI(-6329.46,-5653.02),P<0.001]低于去顶减压组,复发率[OR=16.49,95%CI(4.50,60.48),P<0.001]高于去顶减压组,而有效率[OR=1.40,95%CI(0.91,2.16),P=0.13]、术中出血量[WMD=-9.59,95%CI(-19.34,0.16),P=0.05]的差异无统计学意义。结论在单纯性肾囊肿的治疗中,经皮穿刺硬化相比于腹腔镜去顶减压手术时间短、术后住院时间短、并发症发生率低、治疗费用少,而腹腔镜去顶减压的复发率更低,二者在有效率和术中出血量方面差异无统计学意义。 ObjectiveTo evaluate and compare the efficacy and safety of ultrasound-guided percutaneous puncture sclerotherapy and laparoscopic decortication in the treatment of simple renal cyst. MethodsProspective randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing ultrasound-guided percutaneous puncture sclerotherapy and laparoscopic decortication treating simple renal cyst were searched in databases of PubMed,Cochrane Library,CNKI,WANFANG and VIP.The effective rate,operation time,intraoperative blood loss,postoperative hospital stay,complication rate,recurrence rate and medical costs were analyzed. ResultsA total of 14 RCTs were included,with 726 cases involved in the puncture sclerotherapy group and 750 in the decortication group. Meta -analysis revealed that the puncture sclerotherapy group had shorter operation time[WMD =-41.02,95% CI (-47.41,-34.62), P<0.001],shorter postoperative hospital stay[WMD =-2.75,95% CI (-3.71,-1.79), P<0.001],lower complication rate[OR =0.32,95% CI (0.21,0.51), P<0.001],and lower medical costs[WMD =-5 991.24,95% CI (-6 329.46 ,-5 653.02), P<0.001]than the decortication group,but higher recurrence rate[OR =16.49,95% CI (4.50,60.48), P<0.001].There were no significant statistical significances in the effective rate[ OR =1.40,95% CI (0.91,2.16), P =0.13] and intraoperative blood loss[ WMD =-9.59,95% CI (-19.34,0.16), P =0.05]. ConclusionIn the treatment of simple renal cyst,compared with laparoscopic decortication,percutaneous puncture sclerotherapy has advantages of shorter operation time and postoperative hospital stay,lower complications rate and medical costs,but higher recurrence rate.There are no statistical differences between them in the effective rate and intraoperative blood loss.
作者 王星渊 曹德宏 陈泽昱 雷淏然 魏强 WANG Xing-yuan;CAO De-hong;CHEN Ze-yu;LEI Hao-ran;WEI Qiang(Department of Urology,Institute of Urology,West China Hospital,Sichuan University,Chengdu 610000,China)
出处 《现代泌尿外科杂志》 CAS 2019年第10期806-811,820共7页 Journal of Modern Urology
基金 国家自然科学基金(No.81770756) 四川省科技厅基金(No.2017KJT0034).
关键词 单纯性肾囊肿 腹腔镜 去顶减压术 经皮穿刺 硬化疗法 META分析 simple renal cyst laparoscopy decortication percutaneous puncture sclerotherapy Meta -analysis
作者简介 第一作者:王星渊(1995-),男(汉族),在读硕士研究生.研究方向:泌尿外科基础与临床.E-mail:2674162954@qq.com;第一作者:曹德宏(1987-),男(汉族),博士,讲师.研究方向:泌尿外科基础与临床.E-mail:hxcaodehong@163.com;通信作者:魏强,教授,博士生导师.E-mail:weiqiang933@126.com.
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