期刊文献+

红树林防护溃坝态海啸波冲击集装箱消能试验研究 预览

Experimental study on energy dissipation of container impacted by dam-break-like tsunami flow under mangrove protection
在线阅读 下载PDF
收藏 分享 导出
摘要 近年来海啸灾害频繁发生,对海工建筑物造成巨大损失。在以往的海啸事件中,红树林对海啸具有一定的消减作用。基于溃坝原理生成海啸波,进而研究红树林对海啸波消减作用及红树林防护下的海啸冲击集装箱的变迁表征。对闸门处溃坝研究结果表明,溃坝过程包含突然下降、相对稳定、缓慢下降三个阶段,且蓄能水位越高溃坝发生得越剧烈。海啸波冲击搬运集装箱可分为初始冲击、加速、匀速三个阶段,其动力成因包含了冲击力和浮力。红树林消减海啸波的流态表明尾涡重叠产生的紊动水流是消能的主因,合理密植、对称排布、交错排布有利于海啸波能的消减。此外,三角形交错红树林排布、海啸波强度减小、集装箱重度增加、以及海岸坡度增加均有利于减小集装箱的变迁距离。基于试验数据提出了红树林消波系数计算公式,本试验中红树林消波系数范围为0.02至0.42。 Tsunami disasters occurred frequently in recent years, causing huge damages to marine structures. Previous tsunami events suggest that mangroves have a certain mitigation effect on tsunami flow. Based on the dam break method, the tsunami flow was simulated in this study. The mitigation effect of mangroves on tsunami was investigated, and the container movement due to tsunami was also explored. The dam break experiment at the sluice gate shows that the dam break process includes the sudden drop stage, the quasi-steady stage, and the slow decrease stage. Higher storage water results in a faster dam break. The container movement due to tsunami flow includes the initial impact stage, the speeding up stage, and the constant speed stage. The impact and buoyant forces contribute its movement. The flow pattern of the tsunami wave attenuation due to mangrove forest indicates that the turbulent flow generated by the superposition of the trailing vortices is the main cause of energy dissipation, and the reasonable dense planting, symmetrical arrangement and staggered arrangement are beneficial to the reduction of tsunami wave energy. In addition, the distribution of triangular staggered mangroves, the reduction of tsunami flow intensity, the increase of container weight, and the increase of coastal slope are all beneficial to reducing the movement distance of containers. Based on the experimental data, a formula for calculating the tsunami attenuation coefficient of mangroves was proposed. In this study, the tsunami attenuation coefficient of mangroves ranged from 0.02 to 0.42.
作者 陈橙 陈池威 林鹏 陈昊哲 CHEN Cheng;CHEN Chiwei;LIN Peng;CHEN Haozhe(College of Civil Engineering, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou 350108, China;Key Laboratory of Coastal Disaster and Defence of Ministry of Education, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, China;College of Harbor, Coastal and Offshore Engineering, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, China)
出处 《海洋工程》 CSCD 北大核心 2019年第5期79-88,共10页 The Ocean Engineering
基金 国家自然科学基金(51809047) 福建省教育厅中青年教师教育科研项目(JT180049).
关键词 溃坝试验 海啸波 红树林 消波系数 集装箱 植物排布 dam-break experiment tsunami flow mangroves tsunami attenuation coefficient container plant arrangement
作者简介 陈橙(1988-),男,福建福州人,助理研究员。主要从事河口海岸水动力模拟及防灾减灾研究。E-mail: chencheng_1117@163.com.
  • 相关文献

参考文献7

二级参考文献89

  • 1李晶洁,郭彦秋,张韬鹏.浅析松干堤防两林建设在防洪中的作用[J].黑龙江水专学报,2002(1):77-78. 被引量:3
  • 2白玉川 ,杨建民 ,胡嵋 ,黄本胜 .植物消浪护岸模型实验研究[J].海洋工程,2005,23(3):65-69. 被引量:28
  • 3黄本胜,赖冠文.海堤外滩地种树效果及对行洪影响[J].人民珠江,1995(3):38-42. 被引量:19
  • 4张乔民.红树林防浪护岸机理与效益评价[A].见:海洋工程学会主编.第七届全国海岸工程学术讨论会论文集(下)[C].北京:海洋出版社,1993.853-861. 被引量:5
  • 5章家昌.防波林的消波性能.水利学报,1966,(2):49-52. 被引量:9
  • 6KATHIRESAN K, RAJENDRAN N. Coastal mangrove forests mitigated tsunami [J]. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 2005,65(3): 601 -606. 被引量:1
  • 7ALONGI D M. Mangrove forests: Resilience, protection from tsunamis, and responses to global climate change [J]. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 2008,76 ( 1 ): 1 - 13. 被引量:1
  • 8COCHARD R, RANAMUKHAARACHCH S L, SHIV AKOTI G P, et al. The 2004 tsunami in aceh and southern thailand a re?view on coastal ecosystems, wave hazards and vulnerability [J]. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics, 2008,10(1): 3 -40. 被引量:1
  • 9YANAGISA WAH, KOSHIMURA S, GOTO K , et al. The reduction effects of mangrove forest on a tsunami based on field sur?veys at Pakarang Cape, Thailand and numerical analysis [J]. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 2009,81 ( 1 ) : 27 - 37. 被引量:1
  • 10STIMPSON I. Japan's tohoku earthquake and tsunami [J]. Geology Today, 2011, 27 (3) : 96 - 98. 被引量:1

共引文献26

投稿分析

相关作者

内容加载中请稍等...

相关机构

内容加载中请稍等...

相关主题

内容加载中请稍等...

浏览历史

内容加载中请稍等...
;
使用帮助 返回顶部 意见反馈