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河北省城市生态气候宜居性评估 预览

Evaluation of Urban Ecological and Climatic Livability in Hebei Province
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摘要 基于层次分析法和古林法,对2015 2017年河北省11个地市的生态气候宜居性从空气质量、生态环境、人居环境气候舒适度、灾害性天气4个方面进行了评估并予以排名。结果表明:2015 2017年河北省空气质量方面,张家口、承德、秦皇岛位居前三名,邢台、衡水、保定位居后三名;生态环境方面,承德、秦皇岛、石家庄位居前三名,邢台、唐山、廊坊位居后三名;人居环境气候舒适度方面,邢台、石家庄、邯郸位居前三名,秦皇岛、承德、张家口位居后三名;灾害性天气方面,廊坊、秦皇岛、张家口总体较少,位居前三名,保定、邢台、沧州总体较多,位居后三名。2015-2017年河北省城市生态气候宜居性综合指数前三名均为旅游城市,位于北部和东北部地区,分别为承德、秦皇岛、张家口,城市生态气候宜居性中等接近良好状况;后三名位于中部地区,分别是沧州、衡水、保定,城市生态气候宜居性略好于较差状况。城市生态气候宜居性综合指数在一定程度上可以反映各城市的生态气候宜居程度,通过评估结果排名和分项指标比较,可以衡量各城市在生态环境因素和气候环境因素等方面的优劣,从而为政府管理部门提供一定的决策依据。 Based on the analytic hierarchy process and Gulin method,the urban ecological and climatic livability was evaluated and ranked for 11 cities in Hebei province from 2015 to 2017 by 4 aspects:air quality,ecological environment,climate suitability and catastrophic weather.The results showed that in air quality from 2015 to 2017,Zhangjiakou,Chengde and Qinhuangdao were in the top three,while Xingtai,Hengshui and Baoding were in the bottom three.In ecological environment,Chengde,Qinhuangdao and Shijiazhuang ranked the top three,while Xingtai,Tangshan and Langfang ranked the bottom three.In climate suitability,Xingtai,Shijiazhuang and Handan ranked the top three,while Qinhuangdao,Chengde and Zhangjiakou ranked the bottom three.In terms of catastrophic weather,Langfang,Qinhuangdao and Zhangjiakou were generally less,ranking in the top three,while Baoding,Xingtai,and Cangzhou were generally more,ranking in the last three.The top three cities were tourism cities,located in the north and northeast regions,namely Chengde,Qinhuangdao and Zhangjiakou,whose urban ecological climates were moderately livable and close to good condition.The last three were located in the central region,namely Cangzhou,Hengshui and Baoding,whose urban ecological climates were moderately livable,slightly better than the poor situation.The comprehensive index of the livability of urban ecology and climate can reflect the livability of cities to a certain extent.The rankings of the evaluation results and sub-indicators can be used to measure the advantages and disadvantages of each city in terms of ecological environmental factors and climatic factors.The results of this study will help to provide certain decision-making basis for the government management department.
作者 史有瑜 曹晓霞 王秀玲 李衡 郭子晗 Shi Youyu;Cao Xiaoxia;Wang Xiuling;Li Heng;Guo Zihan(Tangshan Meteorological Office,Tangshan 063000,China)
机构地区 唐山市气象局
出处 《气象与环境科学》 2019年第3期102-109,共8页 Meteorological and Environmental Sciences
基金 国家重点实验室开放课题项目(2017-KF-20) 河北省气象局科研开发项目(18ky26)
关键词 生态环境 宜居性 评估 排名 ecological environment livability evaluate rank
作者简介 史有瑜(1972-),女,河北滦南人,高级工程师,学士,从事气候变化和气候应用方面研究.E-mail:690954279@qq.com;通讯作者:曹晓霞(1976-),女,河北滦南人,工程师,学士,从事综合气象监测和气象预报管理和研究.E-mail:syy121@126.com
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