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低位产钳助产术在产科分娩中的应用效果观察 被引量:2

Observation on the Effect of Low Forceps Assisted Midwifery in Obstetric Delivery
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摘要 目的:研究低位产钳助产术在产科分娩中的应用效果。方法:选择2018年7月~2019年3月于本院中生产的孕妇88例,依据其分娩时间平均分为观察组与对照组,其中前者采用低位产钳助产术,后者应用剖宫产术,对比两组分娩并发症及住院时间、新生儿并发症情况及产妇住院时间同抗生素应用状况。结果:通过数据可知,对照组产妇的分娩并发症显著高于观察组产妇(P<0.05),两组对比差异显著,具备统计学意义(P<0.05)。通过数据可知,对照组新生儿的面部擦伤率低于观察组新生儿(P<0.05),而观察组的皮下血肿、新生儿窒息显著低于对照组,两组对比差异显著,具备统计学意义(P<0.05)。通过数据可知,对照组的住院产妇的住院时间(4.65±0.11)d显著高于观察组产妇(9.74±1.63)d,且观察组产后使用抗生素产妇的人数显著少于对照组患者人数,两组对比差异显著,具备统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论:低位产钳助产术在产科分娩中的应用效果良好,能够减小产妇与新生儿并发症发生率,为一种高效的生产方式。 Objective:To study the effect of low forceps assisted midwifery in obstetric delivery.Methods:88 cases of pregnant women who were delivered in our hospital from July 2018 to March 2019 were selected and divided into T and G groups according to the time of delivery.The former was assisted by low forceps,the latter was performed by cesarean section.Surgery,the two components of birth complications and hospital stay,neonatal complications,and maternal hospital stay were compared with antibiotics.Results:According to the data,the complications of childbirth in group G were significantly higher than those in group T(P<0.05).The difference between the two groups was significant and statistically significant(P<0.05).According to the data,the facial abrasion rate of the newborns in the G group was lower than that in the T group(P>0.05),and the subcutaneous hematoma and neonatal asphyxia in the T group were significantly lower than those in the G group.Significance(P<0.05).According to the data,the length of stay of in-patients in group G(4.65±0.11)dwas significantly higher than that of group T(9.74±1.63)d,and the number of postpartum antibiotics in the study group was significantly less than that in the control group.Significant,with statistical significance(P<0.05).Conclusion:Low forceps assisted midwifery has a good application in obstetric delivery,can reduce the incidence of maternal and neonatal complications,is an efficient production method.
作者 王洋 WANG Yang(Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology,Huludao Second People?s Hospital,Liaoning Huludao 125000)
出处 《中国医疗器械信息》 2020年第3期156-157,共2页 China Medical Device Information
关键词 阴道分娩 剖宫产 低位产钳助产术 vaginal delivery cesarean section low forceps delivery
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