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新型冠状病毒疫情下的替罪羊社会心理现象初探 被引量:1

Psychosocial phenomenon of Scapegoat in the new coronavirus epidemic
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摘要 替罪羊(Scapegoating)指人们面对集体性负面结果时将责任归咎于非主要原因对象的社会心理现象。自2019年12月开始蔓延的新型冠状病毒肺炎疫情,已成为国际关注的突发公共卫生事件。危机面前团结协作、积极行动是人类战胜新冠病毒的有效办法已成为共识。但有少数人和媒体将矛头指向了疫情之外的对象,把病毒称之为“中国病毒”“武汉肺炎”,借以对中国人、华人进行排斥、歧视和谩骂,试图将疫情责任转移到某类群体的现象,所谓“替罪羊”社会心理。本文基于新型冠状病毒肺炎疫情下的替罪羊社会心理现象表现、发生的心理机制分析,提出应对策略,从而培育健康社会心态,共同抗击疫情。 Scapegoating is a psychosocial phenomenon in which people are confronted with a collective negative outcome and place blame on a non-primary cause.The outbreak of new coronavirus pneumonia,which began to spread in December 2019,has become a public health emergency of international concern.In the face of crisis,it has become a consensus that solidarity,cooperation and positive action are effective ways for human beings to defeat the new coronavirus.However,a few people and media pointed the finger at the object other than the epidemic,calling the virus"China virus"and"wuhan pneumonia",so as to exclude,discriminate against and abuse the Chinese people and Chinese people,trying to transfer the responsibility of the epidemic to a certain group,the so-called"scapegoat"social psychology.Based on the analysis of scapegoat social psychological phenomena and psychological mechanism under the new coronavirus pneumonia epidemic,this paper proposes coping strategies to cultivate a healthy social mentality and jointly fight against the epidemic.
作者 张威威 姚本先 Zhang Weiwei;Yao Benxian(不详)
出处 《理论观察》 2020年第3期5-9,共5页 Theoretic Observation
基金 安徽省哲学社会科学规划项目(AHSKF2018D33)。
关键词 新型冠状病毒肺炎 替罪羊 社会心理 COVID-19 scapegoating social?psychology
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