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论学术不当的概念——基于学术不端相关概念的政策文本分析

On the Concept of Academic Misconduct:An Analysis of Policy Texts Based on the Concepts of Academic Demerit
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摘要 理论和政策文本的分析都表明当前学术不端相关概念未统一。学术失范、学术不端、学术腐败等概念在不同时期、不同主体、不同治理领域体现的内涵有明显差异,边界不清。学术不当行为是指,在学术研究和与学术研究相关的领域发生的不符合伦理正对性的行为。学术不当是学术失范、学术腐败等学术不端相关概念的属概念。以学术相关性和伦理不当性为标尺,可以界定各类学术不当行为的边界。学术腐败是学术相关性弱、伦理不当性强的行为;学术不端是学术相关性强、伦理不当性强的行为;学术失范是学术相关性强、伦理不当性弱的行为;学术败德是学术相关性弱、伦理不当性弱的行为。当前,有必要限缩学术不端概念的边界,以重构学术不当的治理框架,实现学术不当的分类、分级治理。 The concept of academic misconduct is not unified according to the evidence from text analysis of the theories and policies.there are implied variances and vague boundaries when comparing the concepts of academic anomie,academic misconduct,academic corruption during different period by different users and in different domains.Academic misconduct should be the primary concept for academic anomie,academic corruption and dishonor etc.The boundaries of academic misconduct can be defined by the yardstick of.Academic corruption the behavior when the academic relevance is weak and ethical improperness is overwhelming;academic anomie the behavior when the academic relevance is strong while the ethical improperness is weakened;academic demerit the behavior of enhanced academic relevance and ethical improperness;academic disgrace is the behavior of the weak academic relevance and ethical improperness.Meanwhile,it is imperative to define the boundaries to establish the framwork governing the academic misconduct,to realize its legal governance.
作者 周海林 ZHOU Hai-lin(Research Office of Fujian Jiangxia University,Fuzhou,350108,China)
出处 《福建江夏学院学报》 2020年第3期83-90,共8页 Journal of Fujian Jiangxia University
关键词 学术不当 学术腐败 学术不端 学术失范 学术败德 属概念 种概念 academic misconduct academic corruption academic demerit academic anomie academic disgrace secondary concept primary concept
分类号 G237.5
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