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人工智能时代主体性异化及其消解路径 认领

The Alienation of Subjectivity in the Era of Artificial Intelligence and Its Solution
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摘要 随着人工智能时代的来临,人类在享受智能技术带来的便捷与自由的同时,又深陷被智能造物支配与控制的危机中,人的主体性逐渐被智能机器削弱和占有,客体化危机严重,主体间的关系也日益疏离化、数字化和物化,人的尊严和自由面临着被侵蚀的风险。既享受智能技术发展带来的收益,又规避主体性异化的风险是我们必须面对的时代难题。厘清异化概念的特征,并结合马克思的劳动异化理论,分析当下主体性异化的具体表现,寻找规避路径十分必要。马克思关于异化的扬弃及人的自由解放的理论为主体性异化的消解提供了重要的启示。只有充分发展智能技术,释放其蕴含的巨大生产力,才能将人从受支配的劳动中解放出来,实现人对美好生活的向往与追求。 With the advent of the era of artificial intelligence,human beings are not only enjoying the convenience and freedom brought by intelligent technology,but also trapped in the crisis of being dominated and controlled by intelligent creation.The subjectivity of human beings is gradually weakened and occupied by intelligent machines.The crisis of objectification is serious.The relationship between the subjects is increasingly alienated,digitized and materialized.There is a risk of deprivation and erosion of human dignity and freedom.How to not only enjoy the benefits brought by the development of intelligent technology,but also avoid the risks of the alienation of subjectivity is a problem that we have to face.Therefore,it is necessary to clarify the characteristics of the concept of alienation,and analyze the specific performance of the alienation of subjectivity and find the way to avoid it in combination with Marx s theory of labor alienation.Marx s theoretical purport on the development and abandonment of alienation and the free liberation of human beings provides important enlightenment for the elimination of subjectivity alienation.Only by fully developing intelligent technology and releasing its huge productivity can we liberate people from the dominated labor and realize people s yearning and pursuit for a better life.
作者 闫坤如 曹彦娜 YAN Kun-ru;CAO Yan-na(School of Marxism,South China University of Technology,Guangzhou 510640,Guangdong,China)
出处 《华南理工大学学报:社会科学版》 2020年第4期25-32,F0002,共9页 Journal of South China University of Technology(Social Science Edition)
基金 国家社科基金重大项目(19ZDA018) 国家社科基金一般项目(18BZX047)。
关键词 人工智能 主体性 异化 主体性异化 artificial intelligence subjectivity alienation alienation of subjectivity
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