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以文化安全为旨归的大众文化心理分析与建构

Analysis and Construction of Mass Culture Psychology with Cultural Security as Its Purpose
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摘要 文化安全是国家安全的重要内容,大众文化心理安全是国家文化安全的指标和保障。对当前大众文化心理安全进行分析和建构应该充分考虑全球化语境及媒体发展状况,尤其是中国传统文化特色等几个方面因素。中国传统文化属于高语境文化,呈现出适应层级式身份认同的社会心理状态,注重平和与教化,倡导人格修养并推崇严肃价值观;而现代社会新媒体的发展则提供了最广泛的低语境交流方式,多元文化与亚文化盛行,网络交往打破了人与人之间的层级,实现了虚拟的平等,娱乐化盛行的同时伴随着严肃价值观的消解,等等。传统与现代之间形成了文化张力,差异凸显导致大众文化心理的迷惘、焦虑与不稳定。对大众文化心理的安全建构应该加强对民族文化的认同导向,提高大众文化鉴别的能力并发挥其主导权,在最大程度上让大众享有自我实现的心理满足感。 Cultural security is an important part of national security and the psychological security of mass culture is an indicator and a guarantee for national cultural security.The analysis and construction of the current mass culture psychological security should take into account the context of globalization and the development of media,especially the characteristics of traditional Chinese culture.The traditional Chinese culture belongs to highcontext culture,which shows the social psychological state adapting to hierarchical identity,pays attention to peace and education,and advocates personality cultivation and serious values.While the development of new media in modern society has provided the widest range of low-context communication,making multiculturalism and subculture prevail.As network communication breaks the hierarchy between people,virtual equality is realized but entertainment is accompanied by the dispelling of serious values.As a result,the prominent tension between traditional and modern culture leads to confusion,anxiety and instability of the mass culture psychology.In view of this,the construction of a secure mass culture psychology should be achieved by strengthening the recognition of national culture,improving the ability of mass culture identification and giving full play to its leading power,so as to maximize the public’s psychological satisfaction.
作者 王慧玉 Wang Huiyu(不详)
机构地区 国际关系学院
出处 《中国文化产业评论》 2020年第1期11-24,共14页 Commentary on Cultural Industry in China
关键词 文化安全 大众文化心理 跨文化传播 传统文化 新媒体 cultural security mass culture psychology cross-culture communication traditional culture new media
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